LEADING IN TODAY’S DYNAMIC CONTEXTS
When people hear the word “leadership,” they may think of dramatic and impressive actions which move an organization – or even whole countries – to the next level. This kind of transformational leadership ability can be found in national leaders, like John F. Kennedy, when he pushed the United States’ space program to reach the earth’s moon. This kind of leadership isn’t limited to people in a position of power, however. Betty Williams, a mother in Northern Ireland, had a desire to end violence and organized The Community for Peace People which was instrumental in ending the violence in her country.
Leadership is also about keeping existing systems running smoothly. Oftentimes organizations are working well, and the goal is to maintain the flow of production and follow existing policies. Transactional leadership theory helps explain how this approach works. The transactional leader typically trades rewards for behaviors and values congruence with current organizational systems.
Clark, D (2015, Sept 10). Transformational Leadership. Retrieved from: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/transformational_leadership.html
Clark, D (2015, Nov 11). Transformational Leadership Survey. Retrieved from: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/transformational_survey.html
Odumeru, J. & Ifeanyi, G. (2013). Transformational vs. transactional leadership theories: Evidence in literature. International Review of Management and Business Research (2)2. Retrieved December 3, 2015 from: http://www.irmbrjournal.com/papers/1371451049.pdf
Spahr, P. (2016, Oct 19). What is Transactional Leadership? How Structure Leads to Results. St. Thomas University Online. Retrieved from: http://online.stu.edu/transactional-leadership/
Discussion Assignment #5
After reading “Transformational vs. Transactional Leadership Theories: Evidence in Literature,” select either transformational or transactional theory.
- Draw some comparisons between them
- Often these two theories are looked at it contrast to each other but is it possible for a leader be both?
- Can they be complimentary to each other?
- Have you ever seen a leader use both styles?
- Was it effective? Why or why not?