Leading Multicultural teams

Introduction – Research aims and objectives

The Introduction will present to the reader the necessary background of the topic that led to the identification of your research aims and objectives. It is important that you can demonstrate the relevance, and your rationale for selecting your aims and objectives and this may involves a brief overview of other studies that have focused on your area. If you find the identification of aims and objectives difficult, this is probably an indication that you have not clearly identified what you are doing. 

* You need to attract the reader! why the subject is important? Sell your subject & you went to explore it!

As a general rule, your dissertation introduction should generally do the following things:

  • Provide preliminary background information that puts your research in context
  • Clarify the focus of your study
  • Point out the value of your research
  • Specify your specific research aims and objectives
  • Subject area of interest of the Dissertation:  Leadership and Management.
  • Objective Statements of the research:
  • In-depth study about the phenomenon of cultural diverseness in institutions based in the UAE.
  • Investigate into the influence of cultural diversity on team’s performance and project success in organisations. 
  • To explore the needed skilsl for both team leaders and team members in a cultural diverse organisation.
  • To study the importance of leadership and its effects on performance in multicultural teams and institutes. 
  • To inspect and identify the most important leadership competencies when leading multicultural teams.
  • Background to the choice of subject (Reasons)

In general, the United Arab Emirates is a very diverse country. Almost every single institute in the UAE has a multinational team, in both the government sector and the private sector. 

Currently speaking, the writer is working in a semi-government organisation, which has multicultural teams in each and every department. Although the United Arab Emirates is very tolerant and cultural friendly country, issues and misunderstanding arise in workplaces because of people’s different cultures, languages and backgrounds. In addition, the writer noticed that few people have written in-depth about this subject, specifically focused and based in the United Arab Emirates. Moreover, the prediction of new and interesting research results is hugely encouraging and exciting for the writer to search more about this subject and introduce it in the near future. 

  • Conclusion Guideline: (2250)

This states the major findings and is a summary of the discussion section above. The conclusions relate to your original statements of aims and objectives.

You should conclude with a list of recommendations for further research. Do not be afraid that you seem to identify more questions to be answered than there were at the beginning. It is in the nature of research work that it does not merely answer questions, but helps to identify other questions, which other researchers could ask. You should also make recommendations for practitioners to use your work to improve their practice.

In addition, you should identify and discuss the following key issues in the recommendation chapter:

– Potential implementation difficulties – likely barriers and how they might be overcome.

– The cost implications – finance and resources required.

– Timescales – what is achievable in the short, medium and long term.

– The benefits that will accrue from full or partial implementation.

There are three parts (at a minimum) that need to exist within your dissertation conclusion. These include:

  • Research objectives – a summary of your findings and the resulting conclusions
  • Recommendations
  • Contributions to knowledge

You may also wish to consider a section on self-reflection, i.e. how you have grown as a researcher or a section on limitations This adds something a little different to your chapter and allows you to demonstrate how this dissertation has affected you as an academic. 

Furthermore, just like any other chapter in your dissertation, your conclusion must begin with an introduction (usually very short at about a paragraph in length). This paragraph typically explains the organisation of the content, reminds the reader of your research aims/objectives, and provides a brief statement of what you are about to do.

The length of a dissertation conclusion varies with the length of the overall project, but similar to a dissertation introduction, a 5-7% of the total word count estimate should be acceptable.

  • The Abstract Guideline:  (Executive Summary)

An accurate summary, covering half to three quarters of an A4 page and including the objectives, the scope of the work, the organisation and content of the dissertation, methods of investigation and criteria used, the main findings and conclusions reached.  The aim of the executive summary, or abstract as it is sometimes known, is to give the reader an understanding of the nature of the Dissertation. The executive summary should be written in the past tense and in the 3rd person passive.

E.g. a survey was undertaken…

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