common misconceptions of behaviorism
Topic: Please synthesize the topic areas covered throughout our reading and analysis of Skinner’s About Behaviorism and address at least 10 of the following common misconceptions of behaviorism. You must address the six bolded misconceptions.
Must include these 6 misconceptions: 1. It ignores consciousness, feelings, and states of mind. 2. It neglects innate endowment and argues that all behavior is acquired during the lifetime of the individual. 3. It formulates behavior simply as a set of responses to stimuli, thus representing a person as an automaton, robot, puppet, or machine. 9. It limits itself to the prediction and control of behavior and misses the essential nature or being of man. 17. It is concerned only with general principles and therefore neglects the uniqueness of the individual. 20. It is indifferent to the warmth and richness of human life, and it is incompatible with the creation and enjoyment of art, music, and literature and with love for one’s fellow men. Choose any 4 others to write about (in addition to the 6 listed above): 4. It does not attempt to account for cognitive processes. 5. It has no place for intention or purpose. 6. It cannot explain creative achievements—in art, for example, or in music, literature, science, or mathematics. 7. It assigns no role to a self or sense of self. 8. It is necessarily superficial and cannot deal with the depths of the mind or personality. 10. It works with animals, particularly with white rats, but not with people, and its picture of human behavior is therefore confined to those features which human beings share with animals. 11. Its achievements under laboratory control cannot be duplicated in daily life, and what it has to say about human behavior in the world at large is therefore unsupported metascience. 12. It is oversimplified and naive and its facts are either trivial or already well known. 13. It is scientistic rather than scientific. It merely emulates the sciences. 14. Its technological achievements could have come about through the use of common sense. 15. If its contentions are valid, they must apply to the behavioral scientist himself, and what he says is therefore only what he has been conditioned to say and cannot be true. 16. It dehumanizes man; it is reductionistic and destroys man qua man. 18. It is necessarily antidemocratic because the relation between experimenter and subject is manipulative, and its results can therefore be used by dictators but not by men of good will. 19. It regards abstract ideas such as morality or justice as fictions. Your answers should reflect synthesis among these topics: a. fallacies b. ordinary language and scientific language c. hypothetico-deductive tradition and inductive tradition d. the individual and the average e. variability f. theories of learning g. three levels of selection h. mechanistic thinking in psychology i. essentialism and selectionism j. unit of analysis k. traditional philosophy of man and the self versus scientific conception of man and the self l. radical behaviorism’s treatment of private events and the four points of contact m. design of cultures and experimental communities. Technical Requirements • Maximum of 5 pages of content • Double Spaced • Times New Roman 12pt. font (including on headers and footers) • APA formatted • Include a title page and reference page (not part of the 5-page limit) • Note: You do NOT need an abstract for this assignment • Do NOT provide your answers in bulleted form. You must write your paper in essay form. You may include a header for each question and answer them separately.