You are a public health official at the NJDHHS and you have been asked to come up with an intervention to address a public health issue.
In a 4 to 6-page essay paper, apply the P.E.R.I. approach to address the problem.
Identify, analyze, and address a public health issue of your choosing. You must provide a reason for choosing this health issue and why it is important to address it. Now, using data from the CDC, peer-reviewed articles, or other credible sources (and cite them), describe the PROBLEM in general (ie. How prevalent is a health issue? What is the incidence?
What population(s) are affected? Is one population affected more or at higher risk than others? Are there major consequences of the health issue? (Why is this something public health should address?) Discuss the ETIOLOGY of the health issue (i.e. causes, associations) identify which health determinants (BIG GEMS) are responsible for the health problem, and/or make it worse using at least one scientific peer-reviewed journal article (cite article). Identify at least four scientific peer-reviewed journal articles evaluating a specific intervention/program (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION and EVALUATION) that attempts to fix the health problem using either engineering, enforcement, or education* (cite the articles).
Describe the approaches each program uses to reduce the problem. Was it primary, secondary, or tertiary intervention? What were the methods used? What were the populations studied and why were they chosen? What were the outcomes of the interventions (i.e. were they successful)?
What did the articles identify as future research, or steps to be taken to address the problem? (Use the suggestions in the articles, but also try to think of additional solutions and questions that need to be answered). Based on your research (eg. etiology, interventions methods, the populations, the outcomes, and the strengths and weaknesses of the studies) how successful do you think these interventions how successful do you think these interventions would be for the populations you are targeting? Using your research as justification (eg. the description of the problem, the etiology, the intervention programs you reviewed taking into consideration the population studied, the outcomes, and the strengths and weaknesses of the studies), make a RECOMMENDATION for a future course of action on how to reduce the health issue in your target population.
Describe the type of programming you recommend and why? You must be able to justify your recommendation with your research (*Note: If research is sparse, use, and apply articles about a similar health problem or similar populations. If research is really scarce, you can base your recommendation on ETIOLOGY studies. Regardless, you must be able to justify your recommendation.)