Mass incarceration, comparatively and historically, is the high rates of imprisonment, more so involving the concentration among young, African American men imprisoned from the neighborhoods with many disadvantages. A lot of states’ prisons are at historic highs given the decades of amazing growth. The extraordinary growth has ever seen been rising despite the substantial fall in crime rates in the 1990s, and this has been costly. Currently, mass incarceration spending is the third largest sector of expenditure following education and health care (Stohr et al. 23).
Government policy that impacted corrections and the Era of Mass Incarceration.
One of the policies mainly affecting mass incarceration is government policy that tends to spend more on correlations and is continuously underinvesting in children and young adults’ education (Alexander 45). Higher cuts of education have gone even deeper with which has been seen with the higher funding per student been reduced by 23 percent since the recession. Some states are as well found of spending more on correlations as compared to how they spend on higher education. Other states with massive education cuts also experience the highest rates of mass incarceration.
Short term and long term effects of the Government Policy.
It could be postulated that state economies would be stronger if the states invested more in the education and other sectors likely to boost economic growth and less in maintaining high prison populations. The financial stability of a range of low-income neighborhoods, those facing disproportionately high rates of incarceration, are the most likely to improve if the states rescheduled their spending in such a way. Other benefits can be realized when the freed-up funds are employed to expand access to high-quality pre-school, revise state funding formulas to invest higher in poverty neighborhoods (Stohr et al. 23).
Stohr, Mary, Anthony Walsh, and Craig Hemmens. Corrections: A text/reader. Vol. 3. Sage, 2012.
Alexander, Michelle. The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. The New Press, 2012.