Biofuels as A Resource For Energy Production

                                   Biofuels as A Resource For Energy Production

                                                                  Name :

                                                                  Course:

                                                                Student No:

                                                                 Institution:

                                                            Introduction

                  Biofuel is a type of fuel that is produced through contemporary biological techniques such as anaerobic digestion and agriculture. This kind of fuel is different from others such as fossil fuel which includes coal and petroleum which is formed from prehistoric biological matter.Biofuels has a variety of uses such as in the transportation industry where there have been a lot of inventions to come up with the reliable and efficient energy. This industry has benefited in the use of biodiesel and others in the car engines. The use of this fuel has led to the advancement of technology, most commonly in the transport sectors. Moreover, this has also resulted in the economic development, for example, many people can now be employed in those industries. Despite its importance in the society, it has a low energy output as compared fossil fuel such as petroleum and others.On the other hand, the government has also tried to place some policy towards the use this fuels such as the United state policy which begun in the 1990s.

            The two critical issues facing the world economies are the inconsistency in the supply of fossil fuels and the broad emission of the carbon into the atmosphere. Moreover, there has been a lot of insufficient supply of fossil energy which has led to increased importation of fuels to curb the rising demand; this has led to the governments opting for a more convenient power supply such as the biodiesel to replace the existing fossil fuels due to the less negative  environmental impact.

             The biofuels are relatively affordable and reliable as compared to the other sources of energy such as the fossil fuel. Due to this, Governments especially the United States of America has responded positively by supporting the production of the biofuels which in return has led to the increased production of ethanol as fuel.This medium will result in the development of the infrastructure such as improved road networks and building of new roads for the trucks carrying the oils either for export or internal consumptions.

      Ethanol and biodiesel are the commonly used biofuels in production as of 2011.The gasoline car engines can use low-level ethanol blends. They are employed in cars and trucks as a source of fuel to run the machines. This has led to the development of motor vehicle industries since many people can now afford the fuels and hence they can buy the cars easily.Great companies such as BMW and others have grown spontaneously due to the availability and use of biofuels in the world’s economy.

           Perhaps, anything that has merit must have disadvantages. The biofuels are considered to have a little energy input. This is commonly experienced by great companies that use the high level of energy in the production line. The research conducted by the power department in the United States of America states that the biofuels can only give a relatively lower input as compared to what fossil fuels such as the petroleum can provide. This has led to other large industries still opting to use fossil fuel.

                                              Conclusion

         The use of Biofuels in the economy should be promoted; the governments should enact a relatively supportive policy to enhance the utilization of this fuel in the economy. This is due top the fact that they are more reliable and can be easily be obtained and used. Moreover, they are also relatively friendly to the environment as compared to the fossil fuel that releases a lot of carbon to the environment hence leading to pollution. Therefore, Biodiesel should be used more and more.

                  Work cited

 Demirbas, A. (2010). Use of algae as biofuel sources. Energy conversion and management51(12), 2738-2749.

Hadiyanto, H., Nur, M. A., & Hartanto, G. D. (2012). Cultivation of Chlorella sp. as biofuel sources in palm oil mill effluent (POME). International Journal of Renewable Energy Development1(2), 45. Tilman, D.,

Hill, J., & Lehman, C. (2006). Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass. Science314(5805), 1598-1600.

Whitaker, J., Ludley, K. E., Rowe, R., Taylor, G., & Howard, D. C. (2010). Sources of variability in greenhouse gas and energy balances for biofuel production: a systematic review. Gcb Bioenergy2(3), 99-112.