Cognitive, socio-cultural and information processing approach

Cognitive, socio-cultural and information processing approach

Student’s Name


Cognitive, socio-cultural and information processing approach

Cognitive is a process of understanding or a mental operation that make use of idea development, memory, and reasoning. Also, it involves the acquisition of knowledge, creation of values and attitudes, as well as solving issues. Cognitive activities are like attention, actions and problem-solving. In regards to this, an individual will display cognition through focus, and making decisions that are based on thoughts. Therefore, it involves the ability to reason, develop information and distinguish issues.

Socio-cultural is a combination of both social and cultural aspects. It is used to describe the variations that exist between groups of people relating to a given social class and culture where they live. People come from different social set-up and cultural backgrounds that are characterized by values, and norms. It is a more distinct judgment that would need a special evaluation of the inter-relations that exists between ethnic aspects, socio-cultural and determination variables.

Information processing approach is a process that involves the use of cognition that tends to de-align the steps applied in the thinking process and how the steps are linked. Primary to the approach is the cognitive process of thinking and memory. It focuses on the fact that children manipulate information, checks and strategize it. Through the approach, children develop an increasing ability for processing information which enables them to obtain complex knowledge and skills continuously.

 In the study of human development, cognitive development increases with age as children increase their awareness of the processes of thinking as well as their thoughts. On the contrary, this decreases during old age where thinking becomes challenging affecting memory and focus. In regards to the socio-cultural aspect, a child can understand and learn other people’s perspective and communicate effectively with them despite the cultural differences. However, adults are unable to understand and learn about other people’s perspective and communicate effectively. Thus, children become more social than adults. In regards to the information processing approach, adults tend to have an effective processing ability compared to the children. Based on this, information processing ability increases during human development.

Information processing approach

I believe that among the three perspectives, information processing approach is more accurate and useful in the study of how people develop. The approach uses aspects that can be understood and learned easily to explain human development through information processing. The approach compares information processing in adolescent and adult. For instance, an adolescent’s ability changes in the ability to think and show hypothetical-deductive reasoning, there information processing capacities that occur during childhood through adolescence advances. The improvements influence various aspects of information processing like attention, memory, and speed.

In addition, adults are more efficient in information processing that affects their decision-making ability than adolescents. To begin with, greater control over focus allows adolescents to use it selectively majoring on stimuli. With advances in attention, adolescents are better capable of holding materials in working memory while processing new materials. On the other hand, it is apparent that the changes in thinking and solving issues in adulthood are affected by their ability to information processing. The changes in focus, working memory, and the speed of processing affect how adults interact with the world and improve problem-solving skills. Therefore, the information processing approach elaborates more on human development.


Sage edge (2019). Cognitive change; information processing approach; Retrieved from; file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/Library_20190426_144653.pdf