The supply of low-cost homes in England.
Identify one of the issues facing social housing in England in 2020 and critically analyse its context, origins and potential resolutions. (around 2500 words)
! Important! Most of the bibliography already collected, and I need to use that bibliography in considerable extent.
I Identified The supply of low-cost homes in England as one of the biggest issues, and I’d like to put in the essay, community-led development as a solution.
Description of the Essay (sent to the Lecturer)
The essay will focus on finding solutions and the best ways to increase housing supply, especially affordable and low-cost homes in England.
Firstly, the essay will build an image of the current and historic housing supply. Secondly, the essay will evaluate where we are in the pipeline, why we have delays and how it impacts on the low-cost housing and all housing market overall.
The essay will identify with the range of advice published, by a variety of consultants, advisors and charitable organisations such as Campaign to Protect Rural England, Shelter, JRF or Affordable Housing Commission, to tackle housing supply.
Finally, the essay will analyse the government response on the issue, by evaluating papers like Social Housing Green Paper, Estate Regeneration National Strategy, Local development orders for housing development on brownfield land or Homes England Strategic plan 2018/19-2022/23
The concluding paragraph will aim to respond to the questions raised in the introductory paragraph and delineate the possible solutions.
Answer from my Lecturer:
You set out a clear essay plan and the literature you have assembled provides the context for an analysis of current supply issues and recommendations for change. I am interested in the inclusion of literature on community-led housing in this bibliography. You do not mention this in the essay plan and I wondered whether you intended to make it a focus of study. This might be an interesting approach. I would also suggest you draw on academic literature to account for the decline in supply brought about by the ending of council house building programmes. Although this takes you back into the past, it seems to me that no account of contemporary supply problems is complete without acknowledging that we no longer have a significant build programme of over 100,000 social rented homes.
Summarising I’d like to put stress on community-led housing as a solution, nevertheless historical description of English house-building programmes is needed as well as an analyst of current underdelivered situation.
If you have any questions or something is unclear, contact me, please.
Assignment 1: Annotated Bibliography for essay: The supply of low-cost homes in England.
Adams, D. & Watkins, C. (2002) Greenfields, Brownfields and Housing Development, Blackwell.
This book emphasises on taking full account of such factors as the structure and organisation of the housebuilding industry, supply and demand pressures in the housing market, the contested nature of sustainability and the political character of the planning process in aim to find a genuinely effective housing land policy.
Affordable Housing Commission (2020) A National Housing Conversion Fund: buying properties to boost affordable housing supply, September [Online] Available from: <https://www.affordablehousingcommission.org/news/category/News/> [Accessed 1 November 2020].
The report from the Affordable Housing Commission examinates two main ideas; The first is targeting funds to purchase homes on the existing market. The second aspect concerns additional funding for social landlords to purchase homes for sale being built by housebuilders and converting them to social and affordable housing.
Affordable Housing Commission (2020) Making Housing Affordable Again: Rebalancing the Nation’s Housing System, 23 March [Online] Available from: <https://www.affordablehousingcommission.org/news/category/News/> [Accessed 1 November 2020].
This report has over 50 recommendations and calls for a collective effort, led by the government, to rebalance the housing system to make housing affordable again; obviously, recommendations includes also improving housing supply.
Archer, T (2020) Estimating the pipeline of Community-Led Housing projects and its grant requirements, Confederation of Co-operative Housing, February [Online] Available from: <http://www.communitylandtrusts.org.uk/_filecache/387/a2e/905-clh-pipeline-analisys-dr-tom-archer-feb-2020.pdf/> [Accessed 1 November 2020].
This short report presents an independent analysis of the pipeline of Community-Led Housing (CLH) projects in England (excluding London), and uses this to estimate the potential grant requirements from these projects over a five-year period.
Archer, T., Cole, I. (2014) Still not plannable? Housing supply and the changing structure of the housebuilding industry in the UK in ‘austere’ times. People, Place and Policy 8(2): 97–112, Available from: <https://extra.shu.ac.uk/ppp-online/> [Accessed 1 November 2020].
The article discusses recent policy initiatives over housing supply (till 2014) and concludes that they will fail to deliver the number of homes the UK is estimated to need. The authors suggest that the government should seek to stimulate housebuilding by local authorities and other non-profit providers, whilst also boost an emerging community-led sector.