Just because you got a 100% on your abstract doesn’t mean it was approved. That
only means that you met the basic criteria for the assignment, and you received full credit for
doing it. You must look at comments and listen to audio comments to see if your idea will work
for this assignment. If you did not turn in an abstract for approval, you still have time to submit
it with your annotated bibliography assignment for partial points. If you do not clear an abstract
for your paper with me first, you may find yourself spending your remaining efforts writing a
research paper that is doomed to fail. The points for the project break down as follows:
-There is a total of 100 points.
-Completing the Abstract on time earned you 20 of those points. Good job!
-Completing this week’s assignment, the Annotated Bibliography, will earn 10 points.
-The completed Literary Research Paper will earn you the remaining 70 points.
The assignment represents a process and does not hinge on the completion of one
assignment alone. You must complete all the pieces to get the full credit. The completion of this
Literary Research Paper project represents 30% of your overall grade in this class.
If you have read through the 1020 Research Paper sheet attached to a previous module,
you will see it again at the end of this assignment sheet, but it time for me to breakdown the
requirements for that paper in the simplest possible terms so we are all clear on the expectations.
1) The paper must show literary analysis, so no matter which if the five approaches
you choose (disclosed in the 1020 Research Paper assignment sheet that follows), you
have to center your discussion entirely around a work of literature. You’ll need to
quote that work of literature, and analyze it. So, all that work you did in the poetry
explication has you more than prepared to analyze literature in any given context.
2) The paper must be between 3-5 pages long, and for me, that means I’ll have a
minimum of 3 full pages of your writing to grade, not 2 ½.
3) The paper must have at least one primary source and one secondary source
(more on that directly below).
4) The paper must be written in MLA Format and come with a Works Cited page.
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I can’t stress enough that the real opportunity to work with me in a one-on-one discourse
on this project begins with the completion of your abstract assignment. If you have completed it,
please consult the audio comments for directions on how to complete the paper based on your
idea in a truly literary way. From there, any emails we use to correspond about this assignment
will be able to pick up with a dialogue already in progress. Let’s work together and finish the
project strong. That brings us to this week’s assignment!
You were directed just now to use one primary source in your work and one secondary
source. Your annotated bibliography assignment will be used to summarize and critique
secondary sources only. Secondary sources for this assignment and only secondary
sources, no primary sources. Here’s why: A primary source is the actual work of art or
literature. It’s the novel or poem or play under discussion. So, you can consider your paper
itself one big long summary or critique of that artwork, right? It doesn’t make much sense
analyzing it in an annotated bibliography designed purely to track your research, so don’t make
that mistake here or in 2330. Only secondary sources get this kind of analysis.
What is a secondary source? All other outside sources you intend to use to support your
paper that are not a work of art. Articles and journal papers and reviews are secondary sources.
They are written ABOUT the primary source.
Primary source: the work of art/literature under discussion
Secondary source: articles and reviews written about the art/literature that you will quote to
support your critique and arguments concerning the work of art/literature.
Here are the steps you will need to follow to complete the Annotated Bibliography assignment:
1) Choose a source to annotate. It can be from anywhere and it doesn’t have to be used
in your final draft. Just chose any article that you think will aid you in your research,
or one you have already read and decided to use.
2) Read that source. Read enough of it that you can write a summary and a critique of
that source.
3) Prepare an MLA formatted paper like the one I will attach at the end of this
assignment sheet, and enter the source information just like you would if you were
writing a Works Cited page.
4) Once you have finished writing the citation information, immediately begin writing
an annotation, no less than 150 words to summarize the author’s work and add
critical notes for yourself to indicate whether the information you read was useful or
not. Make sure everything beyond the first line is indented as a hanging indentation.
5) One source and you’re done. I don’t need multiple sources listed to see if you have
the hang of this or not, so let’s just stick with one source for this project.
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Annotated Bibliographies at their heart are visually restrictive. The format is something
you have to see to understand. So please view my example below so you know what I’m
looking for.
Ericka Arcadia
Inst. Arcadia
ENGL 1010
20 April 2020
Annotated Bibliography
Title goes here-à An Exploration of Drug Trafficking in Portland Oregon
Pessoa, Fernando. “A Trip On The Train: LSD Culture Among The New Bohemians,” The New
American Journal of Recreational Drugs, University of Oregon Press, Vol 213, Spring
2013, pp 43-60. Pessoa is an independent journalist who traveled with transient artists
who taught him how to hop trains in the 1990’s. He recalls his experiences in an effort to
recount the nature of Pacific Northwest drug culture before the social crackdowns that
took place in the early 2000’s, when Portland’s homeless were forced off the downtown
streets and into vast tent cities on the fringes of the metro area. And keep writing until
you get to 150 words in this annotation section alone. Don’t forget to leave comments
for yourself to decide whether this is a source worth using or not in your research. If you
were wondering, right now, for this section, I am at a word count of 120 words.
à Keep scrolling down for another look at the university-wide standard assignment sheet
for the 1020 Research Paper. If you have any questions about the 5 approaches I’ll be
happy to answer via email.
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ENGL 1020 Research Essay
• Students are able to distill a primary purpose into a single, compelling statement.
• Students are able to order major points in a reasonable and convincing manner based on that
• Students are able to develop their ideas using appropriate rhetorical patterns (for example,
narration, example, comparison, classification, cause and effect, definition).
• Students are able to employ correct diction, syntax, usage, grammar, and mechanics.
• Students are able to manage and coordinate basic information gathered from multiple
The skill of synthesizing different sources allows you to see a variety of arguments—this is a
transferable skill you will use for the rest of your life beyond your English courses. For this
assignment you may choose to use your sources a variety of ways such as background evidence,
support for your main argument, or as the opposition to your argument that you then refute.
However you choose to approach research, you will use a minimum of one primary source and one
secondary source in this research essay.
Choose one of the five approaches listed below, create a thesis statement, find support for your
argument, and write a 3-5 page paper synthesizing these sources with your own argument. Be sure
your overall topic is narrow and fits the scope of this course.

  1. Critical Approach
    a. To take a critical approach you could choose from a variety of literary criticisms such
    as feminist criticism, Marxist criticism, post-colonial criticism, and so on. For
    example: An essay using post-colonial criticism could discuss William Shakespeare’s
    Othello by analyzing the roles of race, power, and struggle in the play.
  2. Historical/Cultural Context
    a. An historical or cultural context approach could include research on the history of
    the time period or the larger cultural context. For example: An essay using historical
    context as the basis for research could discuss Henrick Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and
    research various histories of women’s suffrage or larger ideas of women’s roles
    during the Victorian Era.
  3. Biographical Details
    a. A biographical approach could include research into the author’s biography and a
    discussion of how these biographical details contribute to the poem, play, or short
    story. If you are writing about Jamaica Kincaid’s Girl you might research Kincaid’s
    Caribbean childhood and create an argument about how her childhood
    affected/inspired the short story and/or her writing style.
    Arcadia 5
  4. Form/Genre
    a. In order to create a literary argument discussing form and/or genre, you want to
    start by looking up the origins, beginnings, or history of either form or genre. For
    example, if you are analyzing a sonnet, understanding the different types of sonnets
    as well as the history of the sonnet may help you understand why the poet would
    choose that particular form.
  5. Performance/Production/Reception
    a. There are various ways to consider this approach, including but not limited to: A
    comparison/contrast between written text and live performance, the physical
    creation of a primary source, or even audience reception and reviews.
    • Seek out a variety of perspectives and sources regarding your primary source; do not simply
    use the first secondary source that references your chosen piece of literature.
    • State your argument in a clear, argumentative thesis statement.
    • Correctly quote, cite, and explain both secondary and primary sources.
    • Your essay should be organized in a clear manner that develops each of the claims you
    • Use transitions between paragraphs and ensure that every element of your essay supports
    your focus.
    • You must use at least one primary source and one secondary source.
    • This essay must be 3-5 pages long, typed, using standard MLA formatting and citations.
    • You must include a Works Cited page that lists your references, including your primary text.
    This Works Cited page does not count toward your final page count.

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