Calhoun and Weston (2003) Pathway to Violence
One important area of application of Behavioural Science in the forensic arena is in crime prevention. Prevention means taking an antecedent approach to crime. This approach involves situational analysis, understanding the immediate triggers for criminal behaviour, and an analysis of the motives for criminal behaviour.
Based on your textbook, your assigned readings, and your class lectures and discussion, suggest crime prevention strategies for the following situation: an adult school shooting. Please incorporate primary, secondary, and tertiary crime prevention strategies. For each strategy you suggest, explain which of these three categories it falls into. You must suggest at least one strategy for each of these three categories.
From a behavioural perspective, the most effective strategies are those that increase the effort required to commit a crime, increase the risks involved in committing a crime, reduce the reward derived from committing the crime, reduce the stimuli or provoking triggers for engaging in criminal behaviour, and remove the excuses for committing criminal behaviour (Brantingham, Brantingham, & Taylor, 2005).
Please relate the crime prevention strategies you suggest to these constructs. For each strategy you suggest, explain how it works to prevent crime, referencing these 5 constructs.
Write a paper discussing the application of the Calhoun and Weston (2003) “Pathway to Violence” to understanding the shootings at Dawson College in Quebec by Kimveer Gill on September 13, 2006. Your paper must include a clear definition of each stage in The Pathway to Violence, followed by examples from the Dawson College shooting and critical analysis from the perspective of the Calhoun and Weston model. The latter could, for example, include discussion of how well The Pathway model fits the shooting, or not.
For background information on these events, see the relevant articles posted under Assignment 1 on Blackboard. This assignment is based on these sources as the database for your analysis. You may also incorporate other sources.
Based on the analysis of the Dawson College shooting, suggest crime prevention strategies that could be used to prevent a similar event happening at Seneca College.
Paper not to exceed 12 pages in length (APA format i.e., double spaced, Times New Roman 12 pt. font, with cover and reference pages. Cover and reference page not included in page count). Information The grading of your assignment will be highlighted in a marking matrix in several ways to include:
- Punctuation, typos, construction paragraphing, readability
Presentation and Organization:
- Length. Sequence and flow of information; citations and references, use of APA style.
- Introduction; Amount and quality of information; Relevance to topic; Depth of critical analysis; Presence of original thought; Conclusion.
Student’s Name: _______________________ Title: ______________________________ Overall Grade: _____________
|Content: Summary & Description||Essay clearly and thoroughly answers the questions posed. Information is presented clearly and is very easy to understand. Essay is very well-organized and easy to follow.||Essay adequately answers the questions posed. Information is presented clearly. Essay is well-organized and easy to follow.||Essay answers some but not all of the questions posed. Some of the information presented is confusing or difficult to understand. Essay is somewhat difficult to follow.||Essay evades the questions. Information is confusing or difficult to understand. Essay is difficult to follow.||Essay fails to answer the questions. Information is very confusing or very difficult to understand. Essay is very difficult to follow.|
Paths to Intended Violence
|Each stage to the Pathway to Violence is very clearly defined and contain correct examples.||Most stages to the Pathway to Violence are clearly defined and contain correct examples.||Some stages to the Pathway to Violence are clearly defined and some correct examples are included.||Stages and examples to explain the Pathway to Violence are lacking or poorly explained.||Stages and examples to explain the Pathway to Violence are inaccurate or very poorly explained.|
|Analysis: Crime Prevention Strategies||Crime prevention strategies are excellent and very well-explained. Link between theory and examples is clearly evident.||Crime prevention strategies are good and well-explained. Link between theory and examples is evident.||Crime prevention strategies are satisfactory. Link between theory and examples is somewhat evident.||Crime prevention strategies are poorly explained. Link between theory and examples is lacking.||Crime prevention strategies are not satisfactory or realistic. Link between theory and examples is not evident.|
|Detail and Understanding||Understanding of the case and research into the case is clearly evident. All relevant information is included. Level of detail is excellent.||Understanding of the case and research into the case is evident. Most relevant information is included. Level of detail is good.||Understanding of the case and research into the case is somewhat evident. Some relevant information is missing. Level of detail is satisfactory.||Evidence of understanding of the case and research into the case is limited. Substantial relevant information is missing. Level of detail is not satisfactory.||Understanding of the case and research into the case is not apparent. Significant relevant information is missing and inaccurate information is presented. Level of detail is insufficient|
|Writing Style||All grammar, spelling, and syntax are correct. Extensive reference list is provided. Writing is highly original.||Most grammar, spelling, and syntax are correct. Appropriate reference list is provided. Writing is original.||Some grammar, spelling, or syntax errors are evident. Some errors are made in referencing. Overuse of references and quotations.||Careless editing. There are many errors of grammar, spelling or syntax. No references or incorrect references are offered. Some information is plagiarized.||Excessive errors of grammar, spelling and syntax. No references or incorrect references are offered. Information is plagiarized.|