Following the Civil War the Reconstruction process began with basically good intentions.

History 1302

Key Terms

13th, 14th, 15th Amendments

Radical Republicans

Black Codes

Freedman’s Bureau

Ku Klux Klan

Slaughter House Case

Election of 1876

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

Jim Crow Laws

Transcontinental Railroad

Social Darwinism

Andrew Carnegie

Gospel of Wealth

People’s Party/Populists

William Jennings Bryan

Election of 1896

William McKinley

Gold Standard

Hawaiian Rebellion

Splendid Little War


“Yellow Journalism”

Panama Canal

Roosevelt Corollary

Theodore Roosevelt

Leon Czolgosz

William Howard Taft

Woodrow Wilson

16th- 19th Amendments

Schlieffen Plan


Birth of a Nation

Alice Paul

Treaty of Versailles

Armistice Day

League of Nations

Harlem Renaissance

Warren Harding

Teapot Dome Scandal

Ku Klux Klan

Scopes Monkey Trial

Calvin Coolidge

Henry Ford

Alfred Sloan


  1. Following the Civil War the Reconstruction process began with basically good intentions. The final result of Reconstruction though, was the institutionalized racism of the Jim Crow era. Explain the events of Reconstruction and how and why the efforts to empower freedmen led to counter-responses from White southerners. How did Reconstruction evolve into the racial segregation and economic control systems of the Jim Crow era?
  2. The late 1800s were a period of radical economic change in the United States. Railroads, telegraph communications, national corporations and growing news media both united and divided the nation. Looking at the period from 1876 to 1900 explain some of the changes and challenges faced by the nation. Considering specific events and ideas from the key terms list, explain how business and industrial changes led to attempted reform of the political system.
  3. The United States emerged as a world power in the period from 1890-1920. Beginning with events in Hawaii and continuing through World War I explain and discuss how the United States moved beyond our borders and engaged with the international community.
  4. The 1920s were a period of contrast and conflict in America. While the nation was increasing its wealth and offering a wide variety of new consumer products, it was also witnessing a backlash against modern ideas and behaviors. Looking at some of the key areas of social conflict in the 1920s, explain how and why those conflicts existed. Some choices might be young/old, urban/rural, conservative/modern or African-American/White.

MID-TERM FORMAT: You will be writing two essays. Choose TWO of these essay questions. Write a separate essay answer for each of those two questions. Your answers should be between 400-625 words (This aligns with Syllabus description of mid-term “Essay Question Based on Textbook readings and lectures 800-1250 words.)

The list of Key Terms above contains people/events/ideas that are connected to the essay questions. Each of your answers should include references to and details of at least FIVE (5) of the key terms related to the topic.

For instance Essay #1 on Reconstruction could include: 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments, Radical Republicans, Black Codes, Ku Klux Klan, Slaughter House Case, Election of 1876, Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), Freedman’s Bureau, Jim Crow Laws.

The terms should be inserted into a narrative essay, not simply listed and defined. In other words, tell me how and why the amendments were part of the process of Reconstruction, not just what the amendments said. Don’t write something like “During Reconstruction there were three Amendments that ended slavery, gave civil rights to former slaves and gave freedmen the right to vote.”

That sentence would be factually correct. But it doesn’t tell me that the amendments were written and ratified at different times and were necessary as responses to events in the South. Context matters because context shows understanding. I don’t want five or six stand alone definitions jammed into a paragraph. I want you to show me that you understand how and why the terms that you use fit into the history.

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