[SOLVED]: Santiago Gordon-Cruz Is A Six-Year-Old Argentinian Boy Who Witnessed The Murder Of His Father, Manuel, Six Months Ago.

PTSD treatment

            Grieving therapy is a method of psychotherapy that targets to aid individuals to deal with the physical, intellectual, spiritual, emotional, as well as social reactions to loss. Individuals experiencing Post-Traumatic Syndrome Distress (PTSD) can have sleeplessness, memories, low self-esteem, and a lot of emotional pain or hostile emotions. In this case, the six-year-old boy Santiago Gordon-Cruz and his mother are undergoing a loss of Manuel. Manuel is the father to Santiago Gordon-Cruz and husband to Adelina. These involvements are usually believed to be a result of the death of a loved one.

This loss may as well be more broadly perceived as made by any important life-altering loss, for instance, loss of a job, a divorce or house auction. Children, for instance, Santiago Gordon-Cruz, struggling to cope up with their grief may be at a higher risk of mental health concerns development, for example, he may slowly go into depression, unease, or an alteration disorder. For Santiago Gordon-Cruz, post-traumatic distress is ongoing because he witnessed the murder of his father who was shot severally to his death. He, therefore, has a clear picture of the robbery happening at his father’s workplace. As a psychiatric nurse, it is important to lay down to Adelina the importance of her son’s therapy. Firstly, the therapy is to aid him process complex emotions, such as anger, sadness, fear, and confusion. Secondly, it will aid the six-year-old boy to talk about his experience in a safe environment. Thirdly, it will aid Santiago Gordon-Cruz to learn how to honor his father’s demise. And finally, the boy will be able to adapt to the loss of his father (Bernstein & Pfefferbaum 2018). 

            For a better understanding of PTSD, it is significant to know the mechanism of anxiety and how anxiety transpires, since the anxiety of fear has one of the most important roles in the advancement of PTSD. According to Karlin and colleagues (2010), fear is the response to an instant danger that entails an individual’s comfort or life. Being frightened through a traumatic incident is usual. It is a person’s usual reaction to a threat. Anxiety is essential and significant from an evolutionary viewpoint as it aids a person evade demise and/or physical harm. The aptitude to identify and get suitable management for PTSD appears to depend heavily on the kind of trauma transpired, the period taken by symptoms to show, and how conversant nurses are in detecting PTSD symptoms (Monson & Shnaider 2014).

            Grief groups will highly be of importance especially to Santiago whereby he will gain from being in the company of other children within his age group and especially those who have as a well-experienced loss. He could engage in games, class activities such as drawing or acquire specific coping skills through trained personnel. Individual therapy too will aid Santiago whereby he will be assisted as an individual mainly through counseling sessions. He should revisit his sessions at least every two weeks. The nurse will likely want to refer with Adelina to learn how Santiago is doing at home and then allow Santiago to privately converse with the nurse. Family therapy will be very crucial. This is whereby Adelina, Santiago and their kin are provided with sessions collectively so that everyone can express themselves about the loss. As a clinician, it is as well important to offer support as well as psycho-education to family members and specifically to Adelina (his mother) to walk through with her some through the grieving process (Gillies et al. 2012).


Monson, M. & Shnaider, P. (2014). Treating PTSD with cognitive-behavioral therapies:   Interventions that work.

Karlin, E., et al. (2010). Dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatments for      posttraumatic stress disorder in the Veterans Health Administration. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 23 (6): Pp. 663–673.

Gillies, D. et al. (2012). Psychological therapies for the treatment of post-traumatic stress            disorder in children and adolescents.

Bernstein, M. & Pfefferbaum, B. (2018). “Posttraumatic Growth as a Response to Natural           Disasters in Children and Adolescents”. 20 (5): Pp. 37.

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