To what extent do criminal justice systems put victims first?

For this TMA you are also asked to produce a letter based on the following question:

To what extent do criminal justice systems put victims first?

 In Week 12, you learned how victims have historically been excluded from criminal justice processes, as well as some measures that have been introduced to better help deliver ‘justice’ for victims of crime. In Block 3, you have also begun to see how criminal justice systems are criticised for reflecting the interests of the powerful in society.

With these module materials in mind, think of yourself as a member of the public who is very concerned about the status of victims in the criminal justice system. Write a letter to your Member of Parliament explaining your concerns about the experience that victims have in the criminal justice system.

You are writing for a non-academic, but professional audience.

The purpose of your letter is to highlight a particular topic and its context in order to give the reader, a non-academic but informed MP, an understanding of the issue as you see it. In order for your letter to be authoritative and convincing, it should provide a detailed account of the topic in question and identifies a course of action in terms of how to best address the issue. A key skill is to show the ability to identify and select key arguments and evidence that give an overview of:

  • The background to the issue of victims, victimisation and the treatment of victims within criminal justice systems
  • A critical review of existing evidence relating to this issue
  • Gaps or problems in current knowledge about or responses to this issue
  • Recommendations for addressing these gaps or problems

A good letter to an MP will draw out the key arguments and evidence from a range of sources and use these to present a case that identifies both the strengths and weaknesses of current approaches to the topic or issue. Avoid assertions or claims that are not backed up by the evidence and avoid personal opinion. Use arguments and evidence chosen from the module material, alongside the documents provided above and any additional resources you identify to demonstrate what you are saying. We recommend that you use the following subheadings to help structure your letter and ensure that it is authoritative and convincing. You are not required to use this outline and you can create your own, but it is important that your letter is clearly structured and well argued.


  • What, historically, has been the role of victims in criminal justice systems?
  • What current measures are in place for victims in UK criminal justice systems?

Summary of the relevant policies regarding victims in the CJS

  • What are the strengths of current provisions for victims within UK criminal justice systems?
  • How are existing criminal justice responses to crime useful from the perspective of victims of crime?

Summary of the problems that victims face

  • What are the problems with existing criminal justice provisions for victims within UK criminal justice systems?
  • Are there any groups that are overlooked or underrepresented in criminal justice responses?
  • What has been done so far to address the needs of victims within criminal justice systems?
  • What problems (if any) remain?

Suggestions or recommendations for addressing these problems

  • What (if anything) do you think can and should be done to better recognise the needs of victims?

You are encouraged to finish your letter with a strong conclusion that indicates which of all the problems you identified (and associated evidence and reform) is the one that the MP ought to champion in Parliament.

Only references from the attached chapter is to be used and all the information required to answer the question is within the chapter.  Please note references need to be part of this letter.
1,400 word count please.
I need this paper back ASAP.

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