NAME:_______________________________________ Date: ____________________
Most numerous and diverse plants: Angiosperms “Flowering plants”
_______________________ ( flowering plants) are 90% of all living plants species.
Angio means _______ which refers to the ________ with seeds. Sperm refers to ________.
Only angiosperms have _____________ & _________________
table contrasting dicots & monocots .Categorize: green bean corn rose lily
|# cotyledons (seed leaves)|
|Flower parts #|
|Venation type in leaf|
|Stem Vascular bundles arrangement|
(Annual / biennial / perennial) plant lives only 1 year;
(Annual / biennial / perennial) plant lives 2 years;
(Annual / biennial / perennial) plant lives many years.
(Herb / Woody) plant has no woody tissue; (herb / woody) plant has woody tissue
( Epiphyte / Deciduous ) plant lives attached to another plant or some surface (eg. Spanish moss))
( Epiphyte / Deciduous ) plant loses its leaves in winter (eg. Sycamore)
Flower Key: vegetable seed flower fruit female
incomplete complete perfect male
petals stamens sepals carpels
- A ________________ is an edible plant part: leaves, roots, stems, or flowers.
- A __________ is angiosperm reproductive organ whose color, texture & nectar promote pollination.
- A _____________ is a ripened ovary of a flower
- A ____________ is a ripened ovule that contains embryo , food supply and seed coat..
- ______________ flower has all 4 parts ( sepals, petals, stamens, pistils).
______________ flower lacks a part (sepals, petals, stamens, or pistils)
- A flower with stamens and carpels is _____________; Imperfect flower possesses only one sex ..
An imperfect staminate flower has only ____________parts.
An imperfect pistillate flower has only _______________parts.
- ______________ are the outermost leaf like structures of a flower.
- _______________are conspicuous flower parts , may be colorful and fragrant to attract pollinators
- _______________are male flower parts that produce pollen that contain sperm
- _______________are female flower parts that produce ovules that contain egg
Male gametophytes = pollen grains, are formed in the microsporangia (pollen sacs)
embryo sac = female gametophyte and is formed within an ovule.
Key: pollen embryo sac germination double fertilization pollination pollen tube Embryo seed fruit dispersal endosperm
A male gametophyte is ____________ grain.
Transfer of pollen from a flower anther to the stigma of a flower is ________________________
Female gametophyte is _____________________ formed within an ovule.
Sperm nuclei travel to the ovule by way of a _____________________.
Union of 1 sperm nuclei with an egg & 1 sperm nuclei with 2 polar nuclei is ________ _______________
Zygote (fertilized egg) becomes the plant _________ & fertilized 2 polar nuclei become__________
Ripened ovule develop into _________________;
Ripened ovary becomes _________________
_________________ is beginning seed growth as the embryo grows a root and stem.
Signals for germination to start may be water and temperature.
Fruits house and protect seeds, help seed __________ & may be moved by wind, water, animals
ROOTS STEMS AND LEAVES
Plants have 2 systems: shoot and root. Stems, leaves, and fruit and flowers are part of the _______________system. Roots form the_________ system.
All reproductive and vegetative structures contain 3 types of tissue: dermal, ground, vascular
_________ tissue on outside __________ tissue, and _______________tissue (xylem and phloem).
1. List functions of roots._________________________ _______________________
2. (Monocot /Dicot) have taproots; (Monocot /Dicot ) have fibrous roots.
3. Label major root zones: Root cap; zone of cell division; zone of elongation, zone of maturation
|C _________________ is the meristem where cells divide rapidly D _________________ protects the growing root B _________________ is where cells increase in length A ________________ cells become mature example root hairs grow out of epidermis|
4. (Primary / Secondary) growth increase plant length of the plant; but
(Primary / Secondary) growth increases diameter/width.
5. Features of roots:
______ _____________ extend from mature root epidermis and increase surface area for water and mineral absorption.
Mycorrhizae are a mutualism of ____________ with plant roots: Plants supply food to fungii and fungi increase uptake of water and minerals for plants.
Root nodules of legumes contain ____________________ bacteria which convert nitrogen gas in the air into a form that plants can absorb in roots. Nitrogen fixation is essential for life to go on earth.
Cross section of a dicot root
6..root x section monocots & dicots. all roots have epidermis, cortex, endodermis, vascular tissue
___________________ outermost cells protect the root and absorb water and minerals
___________________ cells used for food storage
___________________ single layer of cells between cortex and vascular cylinder of xylem and phloem.
___________________ tissue composed of xylem that moves water and minerals and phloem used is to move nutrients ( sugar sap). How are xylem and phloem arranged in a monocot? ___________
What is the shape of the xylem in a dicot? _______________________(Notice phloem around)
The function of stems include: _______________________________, _______________________________ ___________________ _________________
cross section of the stem in a monocot and dicot.
(Monocot / Dicot) has vascular bundles in a circle; (Monocot / Dicot ) has scattered vascular bundles.
|Cross section of a woody stem. What is the wood made of? _ ____________ What are annual rings? ___________________________________________ What does cork cambium produce? __________________________________ What does vascular cambium produce? ___________________________________________ Are cells dividing in the cork cambium?___________ Are cells dividing in vascular cambium?___________ What is bark made of? ___________________________________________|
The function of leaves is _______________________________________________________________
|What is the waxy coating of leaves? ________ Do cells of the epidermis photosynthesize?________ If no , what is the job of the epidermis?____________ Identify cells that do photosynthesize. ________________________________________ Where are xylem and phloem located?_________ What are holes in the epidermis?_____________ What cells surround the stoma? __________________|
Veins in the leaves of a monocot are (parallel / branched) and in a dicot are (parallel / branched)