Is There A Dominant Group In American PoliticsWhat Would G.W. Domhoff And C.W. Mills Say? (2 Paragraphs, 4 Pieces Of Evidence;
Please Note: You Are Required To Source From The Supplementary Documents For At Least Two Of Your Quotes Here.)
Domhoff (n.d) indicates that there are dominant groups in American politics that precipitate political inequalities. Predominant powers in United States include those having money, owning huge pieces of land, oil, natural resources, finance, agribusiness, real estates, and corporations among other income-producing properties. Money depicts inequalities in the political system in America because over a long time no other networks had grown. The class of people owning businesses, skilled artisans and the self-employed as well as physicians have economic power. Professionals with higher skills than ordinary citizens are interested in consumer issues and environment control. They set terms for the lower class to operate. The upper class amounts to one percent of the total United States population (131).
Political inequalities exist between the upper class and lower adult class members whereby the upper class socialize in county clubs that are expensive, young women from upper class families are introduced to the high society each year following parties, teas and balls. Upper class women introduce volunteer groups though junior league in the nation. The corporate community has power to fire and hire workers, use their incomes in tax-deductible ways such as charities and schools. They also chose where to invest their resources. Corporations display political inequalities by sharing common interests to make profits, are owned by same financial institutions, families, levels of education and work experiences. They have similar consulting firms, legal and accounting businesses.
Interlocking directors are dominant groups that share directions of the corporations. They are major owners and top executives in a corporation. CEOs socialize with upper class and have the opportunity to buy corporate stock below market prices, paid very high salaries and enjoy other advantages enabling them to join the upper class (133). Mills states that Private corporations obtain prime supply contracts, expand personal facilities under amortization of twenty percent per year, and tax privileges of five percent per year (370). According to Domhoff Pluralists argue that voluntary groups influence the opinion of the public. Economic interest groups such as bankers, labor unions and industrialists as well as corporate leaders dominate and influence the public.
2. Following discussions on representation and gender, please select a piece of advertising, which depicts a representation of gender or gender roles and answer the following questions: Where did you find the ad? What is it advertising for? (1 Paragraph; Please include a print-out of the ad, either embedded in your essay or stapled to the back page w/ link, etc.)
The advertisement is sourced from Social psych online.
Generate press.(2017).Culture and gender stereotyping in advertisements. Social psych. Retrieved from http://socialpsychonline.com/2015/08/culture-gender-stereotyping-advertising/
The advertisement is creating awareness on the existence of gender stereotyping among men and women in the cultural society. The advert stresses the difference in ways media portray different roles played by men and women in the society. The woman in the image presents as a teacher in a class room situation caring and teaching children. The media is stressing on the position of women in the society as carerers and educators. The woman are to be teachers to emphasize cooperation at home and in classrooms as well as other gatherings.
As a Sociologist, how is the representation used: to inform, convince, entice, sell, or to promote a product, interaction, ideal, etc.? What may a functionalist say here? What might a conflict theorist claim? (1 Paragraph)
The presentations informs the society on the roles of different genders in the society. The advert has mirrored culture and held values, and social norms in the society. The picture portrays that roles of women have changed in the society whereby women no longer belong to the kitchen but have now obtained education. Unlike men, women have acquired jobs to earn extra income and improve their living conditions at home. The standard society has changed as well as the roles of women. The picture portrays a woman teaching children in class which is opposite to the cultural women of waiting for men to give them money.
The media has changed the past picture of women as domestic workers and portrayed them as people who can in offices and perform equal jobs with men. Conflict theorists say claim that empowering women through offering them jobs makes an unequal society. However, according to the image the woman teacher is educating students to have a brighter future. The woman in the picture is working to improve the gender of both sexes and not only females. A functionalist comments that the roles done by people shape their beliefs and future. Women perform the teaching role according to the picture.
As a Sociologist, what values does your image seem to convey or transmit about gender or gender roles in society? Does the image challenge or reinforce cultural norms in the U.S.? Why? Does the representation fetishize, eroticize, exoticize or does it portray things accurately? What would a functionalist suggest? And a Conflict theorist or gender theorist? (1 Paragraph)
Many people in the cultural society strive towards gender equality and bring to an end various traditional conceptions. However, the popular media displays picture of men and women serving distinct roles in the society as expected in the traditional society. The media is so powerful in the way it portrays different gender because most people use the media to gather information and obtain new information. Gender stereotyping is common in advertising where women are not given the role of a speaker since most men take the position beforehand. Women are presented as users of products and not given authoritative positions. Women are presented at home and domestic environments while men are presented in offices. Women in advertisements are associated with body care and home goods. Thus, various advertisements portray men as not being equal to women according to various roles given. The picture concentrates with feminity and masculinity of different cultures. Masculine cultures display in areas that emphasize achievement, assertiveness, and materialistic rewards. Feminine cultures are displayed in advertisements displaying cooperation, modesty, and care.
The picture reinforces cultural norms in American culture since women are expected to care for other people and themselves. They are expected to perform domestic roles in the U.S. economy. The image displays a woman caring for children and educating them in classrooms. The image also challenges the culture of having women stay at home and perform domestic work. Apart from caring for children, the woman in the picture also earns money from her teaching job. The picture emphasizes on the present employment condition of women in United States labor force. There are many employed women in United States. The United States department of labor reports that 57% of women participate the labor force, where 26% are employed in computer and mathematic occupations. A functionalist suggests that teaching is a caring role best suited to women.