What would you recommend in the Tuna-Dolphin Case? Should governments prioritize trade in relation to the environment?
The free trade especially when uncontrolled has various effects on the environment including exhaustion of natural resources and pollution. Promoting free trade is essential in promoting economic growth. However, environmental protection must be given priority to avoid the negative effects on the environment that might bring challenges in economic growth in future. There should be a balance between seed for economic growth and protection of the environment. One should not affect the other negatively. Therefore, in the Tuna-Dolphin case, the Dolphins must be protected. In their Tuna fishing process, fishermen should ensure that they protect the life of dolphins. It is thus right that America required the fishermen to adopt other fishing styles that would ensure that dolphins are not caught by nets in the process of fishing Tuna. This way the many deaths would be avoided.
However, this does not give other foreign countries a right to control the environment protection in other nations. The United States should have adopted another strategy to control the deaths of dolphins instead of banning tuna imports. The US has no right to regulate the natural resources that are in other countries. Such a step undermines the multilateral trade rules. Instead, the country should have adopted another strategy that would be effective in protecting dolphins such as negotiating how other countries can protect dolphins. Negotiating with other countries would make it easier to protect the dolphins and the environment in general. When nations are involved in coming up with protective strategy, it is easier to gain their support and have them participate in the implementation of the strategy. Otherwise, allowing other countries to have the capacity to protect the environment in other territories gives such nations a chance of abusing the priority leading to innumerable disputes.
However, governments should not prioritize trade over the environment. The natural resources are required to for economic growth today and in future. Therefore, governments cannot prioritize trade and watch the resources being exhausted. There should be control and some balance between trade and environmental protection. Both aspects require attention. The trade should not harm the environment and neither should the environment be a hindrance to the trade as it essential for quality life. Governments should establish environmental protection laws that will ensure that even with free trade, the environment is not affected negatively. Even though it is inevitable to harm the environment while promoting economic growth, it is important that measures are taken to minimize the harm.
The Burmese python were brought to households in Florida as pets. Once they got too big and hard to feed, many households let them go into the wetlands. Now the native wildlife in the Everglades is threatened because the pythons are multiplying and have no natural predator. How do you solve this problem? What can you do to prevent similar problems in the future?
Introducing invasive species into a new habitat brings them to dominating the wildlife occurring naturally in the environment and throwing out the balance of the ecosystem. The disruption costs millions of dollars on global economy becoming a hindrance to fight against poverty. The invasive species reproduce fast and are hard to eliminate. The case of Burmese python would be hard to solve. However, if the invasive species are not eliminated then the problem will be bigger as they will continue to reproduce and dominate the ecosystem threatening the native wildlife in the Everglades. Considering that the pythons have no natural predator, the solution would be to catch them and return them to the natural ecosystem. Even though this would take a lot of time and effort, it seems to be the only solution to the problem. Considering that the problem was created by human activities and the release of the pythons was intentional, Florida people should be involved in the hunt for the animals. With more people and necessary equipment, it will be easier to trap the pythons and return them to the natural habitat.
To prevent such similar problems in future several steps would be effective. The first step is regulating owning of animals that are considered to be harmful to wildlife resources or to human activities. For instance, if people in Florida were prevented from taking the Burmese python to their households as pets, then they would not have released the animals into the wetlands when they grew big and they had challenges feeding them. The problem would not be inexistence. Therefore, establishing laws that would prohibit such an acquisition would prevent such a problem. The second step is sensitizing people about the threat of releasing their pets into a new habitat. Knowing the danger of the invasive species would prevent people from importing, transporting, acquiring, or possessing such animals.
The third step would be to involve the government in creating strategies that would be effective in researching, regulating, and combating the spread of the invasive species. This way such occurrences are prevented. When such animals are accidentally released into the environment, there should be ready strategies that would help in preventing their rapid spread. Lastly, involving people in solving the program will help in sensitizing them about the danger of the invasive animals or plants. This way they will not only protect the release but also participate in preventing the spread of the problematic invasive species that dominate the native inhabitants.