The Health Status of Australian People

Introduction

Australia is ranked globally due to the aspects of health and is among the top ten among the known, developed countries (Aspin & leeder, 2012). However, in as much as they are leading regarding the overall improvement of health, there are some cases of health issues that have been reported, and it’s a concern to the people of Australia. These issues are lifestyle-related risk factors such as obesity where some population in the most parts of the country have been reported to have the condition, diabetes like type 2 diabetes and others which have affected most of the people in Australia and the smoking habit which has been a public challenge and it affected people across the age groups in the society. These issues have been reported to be prevalence in some part of Australia while the other areas are still ok according to the study research released. According to the report, the rate of smoking among the youths have shown a tremendous increase in the past two years and the thus a national concern (McDermott & O’Dea, 2011).

Diabetes is one of the health issues affecting the aboriginal people and non-aboriginal people in the Australian nation. According to the study carried out by the national health survey team in Australia, there was some slight difference in the condition of diabetes among the two populations. First, the type 2 diabetes is a severe problem among the aboriginal people than the other types of types of diabetes. According to the research, most of the individuals in the Aboriginal tend to develop the conditions at an early age and sometimes die from it as compared to the non-aboriginal people who according to research have shown some resistance to the state (Council & Australia, 2008).

Diabetes is one of the principal causes of death in the aboriginal people (Kelaher & Paradies, 2014). According to the statistics taken the deaths posed by this condition among the people are 1 out of 12 deaths in the society. In comparison, the deaths were said to be 7.5 times in the aboriginal males than among the non-aboriginal men in the society. The research has indicated clearly that most of the men in the aboriginal people die from diabetes and the rate is higher than the deaths among the other people. On the other hand, when we look at the females, the aboriginal population the deaths of a female as a result of diabetes was found to be 10.5 times compared to the deaths of the non- Aboriginal people in the society (Clucus & Andrews, 2008). Due to these, we can say that female death as a result of diabetes is higher than the one’s males for both populations in Australia.

People of the different age group in the society having a common lifestyle condition may portray a message to the people. Most of the people within the ages 35-54 years, the male in the aboriginal people die at the rate measured to be 21 times compared to the non-aboriginal people while the aboriginal female die at a rate 37 times than the women in the non-aboriginal populations in Australia. These alarming and shocking statistics shows the seriousness of diabetes among the Australian people especially among the female population which has exhibited the most number of deaths in the society. In both populations, the female’s population seems to be affected more than the other people (Heffernan & Kinner, 2009).

For the Aboriginal people living in the northern part of the Australian people, the primary cause of deaths among the people having the condition of diabetes is the kidney disease that develops as a result of the condition; this is called the end stage renal disease which has drained the life of many people in the society (Zhao & Vos, 2004). On the other hand, the non-Aboriginal people living in Australia and have diabetes the research has shown that most of them die due to heart diseases as opposed to the other individuals who die due to kidney problems. These indicate that most of the people in the two populations don’t directly from the effects of diabetes but from other diseases that find their way to the patients with the existing and living with diabetes.

Due to space, culture and language difference of the Aboriginal people and scarcity of health facilities in their area, treating diabetes may be a problem compared to the non- Aboriginal people (McDonald & Brewster, 2009). This is as a result of accessibility to the health care to treat them and put them under medication that can aid than to survive. The other reason is the language barrier where they cannot communicate well with the nurses and the doctors well and thus causing problems when it comes to treatment and giving the directions to the right medication plan. This has posed some problems in the lives of the people living with diabetes among the non-aboriginal population (Thomson, 2009).

Conclusion

The health status in Australia despite being in the top ten globally has been faced with some challenges. Despite being at the top globally, the nation has shown some reports on the diabetes cases among the populations in the society according to the analysis from the health sectors research groups. It was found that some of the people especially the non-aboriginal communities were not affected that much by the conditions like diabetes which has caused several deaths in the area among the Aboriginal people (Kariminia & Levy, 2007).

Reflection

I have learned that Australia is still struggling with some health issue although it has been ranked to be in the top ten among the developed countries. The other thing I have learned in the research is that not all the people living with diabetes die from it, some develop complications like the kidney failure while other develop things like heart diseases and hence die from this conditions. Moreover, there are some parts of Australia where there are no enough health facilities and some of the people in these regions do not understand the Australian language hence complicating the treatment issue between them and the doctors. The most prevalent deaths are from the Aboriginal people and especially the females in that the highest death rate among the population is the female species as compared to the males within the two populations. I have also noticed that there are some cases of smoking among the people in the nation which has resulted to the death of some young people due to heart problems. Moreover, conditions such as obesity is also prevalence among the people in Australia and perhaps the rate still varying in the population as seen above in the case of diabetes.

References

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Zhao, Y., Guthridge, S., Magnus, A., & Vos, T. (2004). The burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations in the Northern Territory. Medical Journal of Australia, 180(10), 498-503.