China’s Political system

China’s Political system

The current Chinese political system is a broad and extensive system that began in October 1949. Chinese political system is described as a political structure, fundamental policies, regulations, and practices that have been created and implemented by the Chinese state power, the government and the people. China is a socialist republic that is governed by a single party known as the Communist Party of China (CPC) which represents the party leadership and the government. China is also a multi-party state which functions under the leadership of the central government (Dreyer 2015). Moreover, on the side of the government, the national people’s Congress (NPC) which is the highest of state power which makes law and elects the president among other functions.

Besides, through a constitutional system, China is governed by a constitution that was adopted for implementation in December 1982. The constitution has all the laws, regulations and policies that the people and government must adhere to at all times. Besides, the constitution also has various penalties that act against the violators of the law. According to China “system of people’s congress,” the power belongs to the citizens. This shows that the people have the right to determine who their leaders are and development programs that they would like the leaders elected to give priority. Moreover, it is apparent that the central government controls all operations of the country such as business.

China’s economic state

The robust economic expansion of China tends to impress the world. At the beginning of the 21st century, it became the 3rd largest importing and exporting nation and is ranked the second largest economy globally and one of the top three destinations of direct investments by foreigners. There are a variety of economic indicators which are important in understanding its contributors (Lippit 2018). First, its growth in the GDP which has grown to a greater margin compared to the previous years. For instance, in 1978, it was ranked 9th with GDP at $214 Billion, but 35 years later it jumped to $9.2 trillion. However, it has been observed that China will have a slight decline in its economy with a projection of about $6 trillion in 2019 (Economy 2018). Moreover, the increasing export, currency strengthening against the US dollar and growth in inward FDI are also major indicators of China” improved economy. For instance, the Chinese RMB has appreciated continuously against the dollar from 8.27 to 6.41 in 2005 and 2011 respectively.

China’s legal system

It is important to note that the legal system of China is almost similar to that of the US. The model of the government is made up of three arms such as the executive, the legislative and judiciary. In China, the judiciary has a different meaning. On a broad point of view, Judiciary is described as law enforcement carried out by nation’s judicial body which are an investigation, prosecutions, trial, and handling of cases presented, trial agencies and custodian system (Bixin 2012).

On the other hand, the legal system, in general, is described as organizational set-up, values and outline of judicial bodies in handling the country’s issues. The legal system of China consists of policies and regulations that are under seven distinct sectors like the constitution, civil and commercial, administrative, economic, social and criminal laws and law on a lawsuit and non-lawsuit procedures. However, there exist levels of the legal system such as administrative policies, local statutes, and state powers.

China’s socio-cultural practices

Over time, China has typically proved itself to be more of a self-sufficient nation, always ignoring beliefs and opinions from other cultures around the world. Most of the China people follow one of the three religion like Buddhism, Confucianism or Taoism. For instance, the traditions of dominant Confucianism design motivates social stratification. In part, the aspect of roles and equality of gender has been a significant issue in China where both men and women has their distinct mandate. Traditional beliefs have made men be ahead of women based on the social hierarchy, and this has existed from the time the communist government introduced a one-child policy (Xie & Zhang 2015).

However, changes were made under communism which allowed women to make strike strides in areas such as in professionalism and public life. In regards to marriage, Chinese majors on family ties and lineage. Most men especially first-born remain at home with their parents to care for them during their old age. In addition, Chinese culture has traditionally placed value on the worth of a group over the value of a person. Therefore, a business is managed by decisions from a group and not an individual.

China’s workplace environment

China as an economic powerhouse second after the United States of America must have a distinct workplace. Most companies in China expects much from their workers where they work overtime for more take-home pay and more promotional opportunities. Besides, the workplace environment is characterized by time perception, decision making, dress code, and other aspects. In regards to time, punctuality is important in China, and it is very rare to find Chinese late (Lu et al., 2011). Thus, they normally get offended if one is late for business. Moreover, decisions in a workplace are normally made through a consensus and individuals are expected to follow the decision.

References

Bixin, J. (2012). To Perfect the Legal System through Justice [J]. Chinese Journal of Law, 1, 011.

Dreyer, J. T. (2015). China’s Political System. Routledge.

Economy, E. C. (2018). China’s environmental diplomacy. In China and the World (pp. 264-283). Routledge.

Lippit, V. D. (2018). The economic development of China. Routledge.

Lu, L., Kao, S. F., Siu, O. L., & Lu, C. Q. (2011). Work stress, Chinese work values, and work well-being in greater China. The Journal of social psychology, 151(6), 767-783.

Xie, Q., & Zhang, L. F. (2015). Demographic factors, personality, and ability as predictors of learning approaches. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 24(4), 569-577.