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Describe a listening culture and tell me how this can help children be involved in making changes in their setting.

TMA 03 has two components:

  1. Choose two interview questions from the list below for an early childhood practitioner role in a setting. You must pick two from different sections.
  • Under each interview question chosen, draw on your knowledge and understanding from Chapters 9–12 in Block 2 to write an answer you would expect from an interviewee.

The total word count for Parts 1 and 2 is 1500 words (750 words for each interview answer).

Imagine you are going to interview someone for an early childhood practitioner role in a setting. You are particularly interested in how the person will listen to children, involve them in activities and support their learning and development; these are all key themes in Chapters 9–12 in Block 2.

Organise your writing so that you state the question you are asking the interviewee and then what you would expect their answer to be. You should choose two questions from the list provided below and write appropriate answers. Make reference to Chapters 9–12, as appropriate, in your expected answer to show your own knowledge and understanding of the subject area. Please note that your chosen question will NOT be counted in the word count. Only your answer will be counted in your word count.

TMA 03 is not an essay, but it is still important that you look back at the feedback you received for TMA 02, and work on the areas for development that were highlighted by your tutor.

TMA 03 relates to learning outcomes that require you to:

  • show knowledge and understanding of the importance of children’s participation and engaging with their perspectives (KU1)
  • draw on practice examples and relevant literature to demonstrate learning and understanding (CS1)
  • write accurately and clearly in an appropriate style to express ideas, demonstrate learning and take account of purpose (KS1)
  • use feedback to improve learning, understanding and practice (KS2).

You should think about these learning outcomes as you prepare, plan and write your assignment.

Interview questions

You may have experience of interviewing someone for a new role, or you may have been the person being interviewed. It can be a nerve-racking experience. The list of questions provided are aimed at being clear and straightforward, thinking about what an interviewer actually wants to find out. Your answers should also be clearly written in response.

You should answer two questions based on the key themes of Chapters 9–12 in Block 2:

  • the importance of listening to children (Chapter 9)
  • the role of the adult in supporting children’s learning and development (Chapter 10)
  • children’s involvement and participation (Chapters 11 and 12)

Remember each question will only focus on one specific topic within each main theme, so think about the chapter material that you are going to draw on to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of the subject area. You should consider which questions will give you the best opportunities to display your understanding.

You will need to choose two questions from the six below. Each question should come from a different section, for example you could answer questions 1 and 4.

Section A – the importance of listening to children (Chapter 9)

  1. According to Parry (2016, Chapter 9, p.12) a ‘listening culture’ is at the heart of any provision for young children that aspires to promote children’s participation. Describe a listening culture and tell me how this can help children be involved in making changes in their setting.
  2. How can using creative tools and approaches help you to listen to young children? For example, role play, photography, drawing, walks.

Section B – the role of the adult in supporting children’s learning and development (Chapter 10)

  1. Describe the practitioner’s role in scaffolding children’s learning while allowing them to follow their own interests.
  2. In the online activity ‘Lunchtime in the Nursery at Pistoia, Italy’ (Activity 10.2 The Open University, 2016) we see lots of examples of apprenticeship learning. Tell me what apprenticeship learning means to you and how you would use it in practice.

Section C – Observation and Planning (Chapters 11 and 12)

  1. Explain how you could use learning stories, in partnership with children, parents and carers, to help you plan for children’s learning?
  2. How could you use observations to gain a holistic picture of a child’s experience in the setting?

Answering your questions

Based on your learning from studying Chapters 9 to 12 in Block 2, how would you want an interviewee to answer your questions, and what essential points would you want them to cover?

Under each question write an explanation/answer that you feel would be a strong response. You could imagine that as an interviewer you are preparing model answers to refer to. Therefore, when you write your answers, you need to make links and include references to the material from the chapters. This will help you demonstrate to your tutor your knowledge and understanding of Chapters 9 to 12 in Block 2.

Additional guidance

You have 1500 words for this assignment, so try to give equal attention to each answer in terms of the length of your answer.

There is no need to write an introduction or conclusion or link the two questions together.

You should use citations and include a reference list to acknowledge the source of material in this TMA. The accuracy of your attempts to cite and reference from the module books (excluding secondary references) will be part of your tutor’s assessment of your key skills.

Please ensure that you have engaged with your tutor’s feedback from your previous TMAs.

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