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To What Extent the Urban Growth for Melbourne 2030 Will Impact in Public Transportation System ? Discuss

The impacts Growth for Melbourne 2030 to Public Transportation System by 2030

The growth of urban centers is always associated with various effects on different aspects of human life ranging from employment, populations and public transportation. The Melbourne 2030 is a blueprint that entails the policies and strategies for achieving a sustainable city for an expected five to seven million more people compared who will in turn have increased demand for housing, transport and other services. How will the growth of Melbourne by 2030 affect its public transportation system? What factors related to the growth are likely to influence what the

Melbourne’s Current Public Transport Network

Melbourne is placed just behind Sydney when it comes to use of public transport having 20.2% of its population consuming public transport services. The trend is observed to grow by slowly but steadily indicating that by 2030 most of the population in the city of Melbourne will prefer the use of public transportation other than their private means. This is as a result of the awareness to save times and costs that are associated with traffic congestions and partly efforts to reduce emissions to the environment that arise from the transport system as a whole. Tram network is the leading public transportation in Melbourne and has been on the rise since the introduction of the Free Tram Zone in 2015. Metropolitan train network accounts for another large portion of public transport network in Melbourne trailed closely by bus services. Other forms of public transport such as use of taxis and hired bikes are evident but not so vastly used by the current population in Melbourne.

Factors capable of influencing Use of Public Transportation

Public transportation has been vastly utilized in Melbourne owing to various factors such as government policies, availability and cost. the same factors coupled with new factors could critically affect the use of public transportation by 2030. The economy is observed to be on the rise and this indicates individuals will have more disposable incomes compared to past years. The use of private transport owing to its flexibility and convenience will likely reduce the preference for public transportation especially for individuals who chose to use public transport on the basis of costs. Demographic factors precisely the population growth observed in Melbourne will increase the demand for public transportation services. This increase will create the need for the public transport system to adapt technology and increase the networks to serve the needs of the people of Melbourne. Government policies and regulations will have effect on the public transport system. Incentives offered to providers of public transport system and increased investment in related facilities will see public transport network have a competitive advantage over private transport and lead to its growth. Regulations such as Carbon Tax will minimize the use of private transport means by 2030 making people to prefer the use of public transport.

Conclusion

Melbourne experiences increased preference for use of the public transportation system as it subsequently enjoys growth on various aspects. This is a clear indication that public transport may possibly overcome the use of private transport by the year 2030. It is therefore upon the stakeholders of Melbourne city to ensure strategies and plans are in place to facilitate the use of public transportation as the its demand steadily increases.

References

Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure (2014) Victoria in Future 2014, Population and Household Projections to 2051.

Department of Infrastructure and Transport (2012) State of Australian Cities 2012, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.

Department of Planning, Transport and Local Infrastructure (2013) Plan Melbourne.

Moodie, R et.al (2008) The Melbourne 2030 Audit Expert Group Report.

Department of Infrastructure (1998) From Doughnut City to Café Society, Victorian Government, Melbourne.

Woodcock I, Dovey K, Wolland S, Beyerle A (2010) “Modelling the compact city: capacities and visions for Melbourne”, Australian Planner,Vol. 47, No. 2  pp 94 – 104.

Freestone R, Murphy P (1993) “Review of a Debate: Edge City”, Urban Policy and Research, Vol. 11(3) pp 184-190.

Buxton M and Goodman R (2008) “Protecting Melbourne’s Green Wedges. Fate of a Public Policy”, in Marco Amarti and Makato Yokohari, Urban Green Belts in the 21st Century. A Reassessment and Results of Reforms, Ashgate, London.

Department of Infrastructure (2002) Melbourne 2030. Planning for Sustainable Growth, Implementation plans numbers 1(Urban Growth Boundary)  and 5 (Green Wedges).

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