If A Project Is Complex And Uncertain More Time Needs To Be Spent Scoping The Project And Making Sense Of How The Project Will Contribute To The Overall Organizational Strategy. For This Post, We Will Discuss The Link Between The Project Scope And Strategy.

The Link between the Project Scope and Strategy

 Project scope is an outline of what is expected to be handed over to the customer after the completion of the project (Joslin & Müller, 2016). However, these various combinations of variables shape the choices of the product and the service to direct what the organizations are set to offer to their customers. “Projectification’, or working through a project helps in the grouping of the right strategies so that the organization can achieve requirements of the customer. This is a key concept that creates a link between project scope and strategies. I am interested in this concept because it helps in defining the resources and the capabilities of a company to deploy the right strategies and by way of their requirements according to the scope of the project especially on the processes involved and the deliverables (Kerzner & Kerzner, 2017).

After reading the article by Morschett, Schramm-Klein & Zentes (2015), who wrote an article on Strategic International Management, I found that I needed to carry out a further research of the topic due to academic curiosity. I found out that the variables spelled out in a project scope which includes the nature of the selection of the project, the way the project is resourced, the comparative effect of the project on the practical extents and the tactical selections that the organization is supposed to take so that to realize the provisions of the project scope, re-count to the skills, operational practices, the workforces and most importantly the strategies employed by the organization. I realized that the competence of the organization is its ability to deliver its strategy through the project scope. This was a broad topic and it attracted my attention and wanted to carry out more research.  

According to Morschett, Schramm-Klein & Zentes (2015), it is clear that the concept of the link between the project scope and the strategies can be best explained by showing how the top management has to go through the process of sense-making of the control and support to fulfill the requirements of the project. The authors further explain that when an organization is presented by project scope, they seek to provide the best strategies based on a reflection of their past applications and also propose a need to augment their strategy for better routine.

On the other hand, they argued that when an organization shows flexibility and look for the good strategies in its place, it becomes more copious about the project scope in terms of how they chose to acclimatize on the guidelines of the scope in through the best strategy that they thinks fits the project. However, they argued that the concept project scope and strategy have pros and cons. They pointed out that this concept will have effects on the exclusive nature of the project that works to customized resolutions, and also, too much suppleness may lead to confusion and may expose the individuality of the organization to risk.

The authors found out that the concept of the link between the project scope and strategy is strategic direction that an organization is set to take so that it can carry out its duties and also increase its congruence with the business environment. There has been vitality in the tactical formation of most organizations but under the general way distributed by the sophisticated order tactical choice, it was found that it is compulsory for the organizations to conform to this concept. The encounters of these kinds of vitality were found to increase the aptitude to comprehend and distribute the project scope.

The cited work relate specifically to the content of this module in that it offers a clear insight and a broader view on how the concept of the link between project scope can be applied in diverse situations and lead to realization of positive results.

The materials researched was in line with the cited article. The 5 articles offer vast knowledge on the link between project scope and project strategies. For instance, Shirazi, Kazemipoor & Tavakkoli-Moghaddam (2017), in their article on Fuzzy Decision Analysis for Project Scope Change Management, say that the project scope determines the strategies that are required to realize the project scope. This means that the one aspect is as a result of the other; if there is no project scope, then strategies will not be produced. Further they go on to argue that strategies determines how a company works. This shows that the connection between project scope and strategies play an important role in the growth of a cooperation. The other three articles listen in this papers are also in consensus with the argument by Morschett, Schramm-Klein & Zentes, (2015).

From my interment research I found that there are enough material in the platform to help me reduce my knowledge curiosity. The few materials presented in this papers are just some of what I covered and increased my knowledge. I found that the concept of the link between project scope and strategies is a broad topic that requires more research.



You are required to submit a book review on Gateway Arch. The book review should be 750-1000 words long.

Review on Gateway Arch

It should cover the following elements: first, a clear identification of the author’s main point, or THESIS; second, the DEVELOPMENT, or the manner in which the author proves the thesis; finally, your CRITIQUE of the work.

Book Review

The author of the book Tracy Campbell elaborates about Gateway Arch in St. Louis which is a monument mostly revered for western expansion in America. The arch is heightened at 630 feet and is deemed to attract millions of tourists, and it is famous in the whole world. Campbell tends to uncover the complicated and very troubling history about this structure through a cultural, political and social perspective. The book makes an examination on how many crucial participants within the divergent motivation in relation to their ambitions, greed and civic pride led to the fruition of the Gateway Arch but at a price that the country is paying constantly.


Tracy Campbell examines how the vital participants in the different motivations in relation to their civic pride, greed and ambition led the Gateway Arch to fruition but at a price that the country was left to pay regularly. This is a clear explanation that there existed authorities who were behind the building of the Arch who led to the success of its construction and also the fact that people are still paying the price for its development. This statement is the center of discussion in the whole book. Additionally, the statement is used to reveal to the people more about the arch.

Proof of the Thesis

He starts by putting the gateway within the situation of the current history. In the process of developing his argument, he answers comprehensive questions concerning the arch, like “Who benefitted from its construction? Who lost?” (3). The author tries to answer these questions by clearly identifying those who profited from the construction of the memorial, who are the local real estate developers and the architect who designed the arch, Eero Saarinen. He also mentions the people who lost, especially those who owned houses and carried out businesses in the area that the arch was built, the people who were willing to preserve the history of the country, African Americans, and even the city of St. Louis. Moving away from the traditional urban histories through a close examination of the built environment, he challenges the reader who have questions centered on the landscape like “what was there before,” and why food the cities look the way they are.

According to him, “the Gateway Arch came from a grand and failed experiment in urban planning” (3). The legislators at St. Louis did not find a good thing to do with the land standing adjacent to the river long before the conception of the design by Saarinen and it was a problem that came from making the city the modern trading post. In general, Tracy Campbell underplayed the issue of race in St. Louis. In the first chapter, he mentions briefly that the city was segregated from the laws of Jim Crow, and then he explains a situation where one plot to improve the conditions of St. Louis included setting up a parkway through the riverfront district so that they could displace the population which was mostly African Americans. The white Opponents curtailed this only by using the threat of invasions by the blacks to their white neighbors.


The author, Tracy Campbell, presents us with a story full of drama, encompassed with obstacles that the Gateway Arch had to go through to come into being. In my opinion, the writer writes this book intending to bring out the truth that the construction of the arch as a tourist attraction site was advised from a different angle compared to reality. He says that “tourists are presented with a mythical version of history” (1). To express this in a different way, a country that was passing through a hard time after the WWII and the Korean War, and a lot of buildings in the part of the downtown that was abandoned. The project was opposed mostly by the city, and a very long list of setbacks was listed among them being the social problems and the racial problems. These problems were so much that the constructor failed to achieve the completion of the work. This is where we are left wondering about the true history behind the monument. What was there before? What was the main beneficiary of the arch? Who really went through a loss, and what was the situation like?

After the occurrence of World War II, the city might have focused its efforts on rebuilding the front of the river with a monument which they referred to as a Gateway Arch. But now the big question is did the author really provide us with the full details about the arch or they were just scanty and only focused on what the general public wanted. The story behind this arch still remained unknown because most people believe there was more than just building it. Some critics say it was to hide the effect of the war, while others say it was a way of removing the black Americans from the city of St. Louis.



a) Using examples and references from the main text, articles, and other relevant readings, discuss how prior to the 20th century women in the US became educated, in spite of societal assumptions and expectations about women.

How prior to the 20th century women in the US became educated

b) Using suggested articles posted on Bb (week twelve folder), and/or from your own research, discuss how issues of race, socioeconomic status, or sexuality, disability, further complicate women’s experiences in higher education

Women’s & Gender Studies

Every generation, there is always a minority group that is neglected, and it is always fighting so hard for change. For instance, everywhere you go today you will hear in the news of the gay and lesbian groups fighting for their rights. Prior to the 20th century, it was a larger portion of the population that was fighting: the women. Throughout the 19th century, women in the US fought for equal rights under the law and most importantly the right to access education. It was tough for women to access education due to the fact that they were seen as people who should stay at home and take care of the children (Dyhouse, 2016).

Women and men were expected to take different roles in society prior to the 20th century. Men were expected to lead a public life, whether involved with working in a factory or even socializing with people of the same ideas either in clubs, public places, meetings or even bars (Dyhouse, 2016). Women, on the other hand, were generally expected to live a largely homebound life. Taking care of the cleaning, cooking, and rearing of the children. Women were not supposed to spend free time in social places and were strictly supposed to carry on duties involving Maintainance of the family, from laundry to sewing socks (Davis, 2016).

Davis (2016) says that mainly due to these believes and traditional expectations for women prior to the 20th century, a few number of them had the same opportunities as men to education. Giving a woman education was regarded as subversive, and a violation of the right order of society. On top of that women were not allowed to participate in politics even voting was not allowed. They were grounded to their husband such that they were not considered full human beings at all. Although some female monarchs were experienced some time back, it was always due to the accidental death of the male heirs. Though there were some exceptions, women were purely shut out of education.

Women strived to get an education, and they had to devise means. There was a growing emphasis on domestic instruction and promotion of attitudes of mind which were perceived as the best way of educating future wives and mothers. This affected the whole sphere of education for women. Through different women historians, it has been seen that these practices played a significant role later in the fight for the liberation of women (Nash, 2016). Domestic science as it was called was considered to be a substitute for genuine science. Specialist instructors were developed for household work throughout the whole system of informal education.  Domestic instruction was developed by a few numbers of women who had attained the status of professionalism and a degree of individual independence strikingly at variance with the domestic ideology they were looking to instill into the women.

After few women attained enough education they organized rallies, protests and meeting all over Europe and especially in the United States, with an aim to bring the right of women into the course and public consciousness. Libel minded men and philosophers joined women for they know the value of education. They all pushed their agenda forward (Davis, 2016). Through this agitation, a reexamination between the relationship of men and women and the role of women in society was done. Gradually, these ideas and organizations extended steam. In 1869, the national women suffrage association was established with the main aim of getting women the right to education. Founded by the strong woman Elizabeth Cady Stanton and other vital players in advocating for the rights of the women, Susan B. Anthony, the association also encouraged women to start working outside their homes and interacting with others (Maynard, 2017).

Nash (2016), asserts that socioeconomic status, sexuality. Disability and issues of race complicate the experiences of women in higher education in many ways. The gaps between policies governing these issues and the realities to whoever these policies apply to be vital in the way education are administered. Intersectionality theory was developed so that there can be an understanding of social inequalities such as race, gender, class, and sexuality that focuses on the mutual constitutive natures, posing a potential to reveal the social inequalities. According to Dyhouse (2016), intersectionality is an aspect of critical race theory in education. The intersection roles of race, class, disability, and construction of gender play a significant role in education especially for women in this case.

Maynard (2017), in his article, says that antiracist advocacy movements in the last few years have pointed out the underlying discrimination in the education policies, the pedagogical approaches and the curricular materials that are applied in different levels of schooling and higher education. These policies devised according to racial lines affect education for women. From a structural view, the women express the inferiorization of their identities as related to race, mostly with the ascription of heritage being given to their nonwhite counterparts. This affects to a great extent how women acquire education in a racial environment. Racism remains a primary point of concern in education since it is the central point of oppression in daily situations in schools. Racism is also a crucial component in how well race scholars perceive themselves and their view of other people in the world. Racism is also a point of group cohesion and activism (Davis, 2016).

Negative social comparisons in the lower socioeconomic status groups such as women may complicate their ability to acquire education. Despite the education system being recently expanded, the levels of participation by women and the chances of academic success are still low (Davis, 2016). The disadvantaged and the minority groups that enter the higher education system face a lot of discrimination due to their socioeconomic statuses, and this has scared most of them from attending educational places. This is one of the obstacles that is widening the gap to access to education by women. Although a large number of university entrants has been recorded mainly from the people from disadvantaged backgrounds such as women, few have enjoyed success in higher education due to discrimination based on their socioeconomic status. Whiteness, in socioeconomic basis, represents beliefs and assumptions that put the interest and views of the white people at the core of what is seen as the normal thing in daily living (Dyhouse, 2016). This socially constructed perspective leaves the nonwhites in a situation where they find that anything they do, and it is not in line with what is approved by the whites as something wrong.

Nash (2016), points out that sexual identity disparities in higher learning affect the enrollment and completion of higher education in the United States. Many women experience sexual disadvantages in the achievement of higher education in social environs. This makes the attainment of education to be complex and gendered. Women are socially unprivileged especially during the attainment of education. From adolescent through college, sexual minority groups mostly women need some intervention to reduce substantial educational disparities.

Women with disabilities are painted as a particular picture in society. Their statistics are always presented everywhere making them look like a lesser being. Women with disability are also placed in individual education schools alienating them from the broader community (Dyhouse, 2016). This creates a particular notion of a lesser group in the community painting a complicated picture for them. Through special education, a certain kind of sexual role stereotype is created. This stereotype affects women with disabilities and taking part in higher education. Women with disability are double discriminated as people with disability and as women society. Disability is a socially constructed category that is mostly contested and redefined. Historically, it has been used to define, segregate and oppress women (Maynard, 2017). Disability is a personal matter that relates to a certain identity and the sense of self of a person. Critically, disability is a social construction that is mostly used in remaking oppression and inequality. In the United States, learning disability was fashioned as a tactical move to protect children from middle-class families from any downward mobility through low achievements in school. In other cases, learning disability is used in a negative manner. For women, learning disability used to mean that women were mentally challenged to pursue education. Even after being given freedom to go through education, at higher learning institutions, women are perceived to be unable to partake certain courses due to their disability (Nash, 2016).



Analyze the nature of Mollys education within her family. What values and competencies is she taught?

Nature of Mollys education within her family.

Gary Simmons claims that the policy of assimilation that removed biracial children from their families was “based on the paternalistic belief that there is little of worth to Indigenous culture

“Rabbit-Proof Fence” is the only film that highlights the question of forced assimilation. It features three Aboriginal children who run away from a state-managed school and walk for over one thousand miles back to their parents along a fence that was initially set to deter rabbits from the farmland.  It revokes classic memories of long treks made when returning home. In this film, home the home is not as decent as it would have been worth for someone to travel that long. It is a hut made of twigs. The people living their hunt for lizards for their breakfast. Molly is the oldest of the three children in their family.

Molly had just joined her mother after having spent many months with a foster family. She was in love with the foster family, even better than other families where she had been before. However, she was so worried since she was not sure how long she and her mother will be staying in their new apartment. They have been evicted out of such kind of houses previously. He sister was left at the foster family care. Molly is seated in a quiet corner on a carpet in the library, and she told her story in an interview about her reading and writing in a third-grade classroom. This conversation was just one of the many ways through which Molly expressed the sentiments of her education with her family.

Although there is a hopeful nature painted on Molly’s life and education, her family is not stable, and she is on bleak of dropping out of school. The Federation for community planning, intergenerational poverty, and alienation from public schools have not been helpful especially to most of the low-income families where Molly comes from.

 Molly is only fourteen years old, but she can trace a direction through the wilderness. She traverses the desert to find her family. Desert has been her friend from time immemorial, it gave her shelter, food and sustained her. The skills of bushed craft and survival tactics from someone who knew them. Her stepfather, who was a former nomad from the desert had taught her. She had memorized all the directions they once traveled. She says that it was the north when riding from Perth to Mogumber siding, and the west settlement. She had also memorized the sun when it appeared behind the clouds of rain at many intervals during their tour on their first day. This made her know that she was in the right direction. This is a clear indication that even though Molly’s family was poor, she had learned something from it. She was bright, and if taken to urban schools she could perform.

Molly is passing through difficult situations with her family. There are wrought social inequities. The rich urban kids bring some discrimination in the classroom, and it undermines her ability to focus on school literary practices. There are challenging cases of students such as parents being in prison, being placed in foster families, there is community violence which is taken up by policymakers from middle-class, professionals and educators in the development programs and the larger community in ways which encourage deficit of perspectives. The interpretations of life experiences are used to reinforce the assumptions of deficiency in the families that live in poverty, the hard stories that most of the students bring to class undermine the attempts to make most of the experiences of the students including Molly to matter in any positive way. There it is essential to acknowledge all of the experiences that students bring to school and create a literary perception that is in support of them in the midst of the realities which need to be conceptualized especially on their meaning to urban students’ school literacy experiences.

Although Molly is full of determination and ambitions, first and foremost she is dedicated to her family. We see how before her mother died, Molly leaves her desire to pursue her favorite career and an opportunity for her to further education to stay with their family at home and help them. This shows the stud bonds of family and shows how she is humble and selfless. Nevertheless, Molly does not at any time lose her motivation of going for her aspiration of being a nurse.

Molly is taught so many competencies and values. From the “Rabbit-Proof Fence” by Gray Simmon’s, we can see that they are committed to progressive values even if they are facing a lot of difficulties. The children are taught the right skills such as how to clean the houses of their masters and to take care of their children. These skills are meant to help them later in life when they are forcefully assimilated in rich families. Molly and her sisters have been practicing these skills in their foster families. They are also taught to be respectful as seen when Molly is mocked by the rich kids in the urban schools but she doesn’t retaliate and also she shows respect to her teacher, Sharon. 

Works Cited


In November 17, 2018, Around 3 Am In The Morning An Uber Driver Was Approached In Uptown Dallas By A Customer Who Requested A Ride Home To Prosper Texas. He Claimed His Friends Left Him And No Way Of Getting Home, Since His Phone Battery Was Dead He Offered To Pay The Driver 80$ In Cash

An Uber Driver Was Approached In Uptown Dallas By A Customer

Assault on an Uber Driver

        An Uber driver was assaulted on 17th of November by a customer who had requested him for a ride to prosper Texas.  He had promised to pay the driver 80$ cash after they reach the destination. Once they were at the destination, the driver requested for the pay, but the passage refused to pay. He jumped out of the vehicle and when the driver approached him asking for the pay. The passenger assaulted him. The driver suffered swelling, redness and pain on his left side of the jaw and the lower mandible.

        Due to this assault, the driver was not courageous enough to drive again for a few weeks, and this had so many effects on his earnings. The drivers used to earn something between 1200-1500 in a week but were cut by 60% since he could not drive during the late nights and in the weekends where most of his income came from. The fear inflicted into him by the harsh passenger caused him to fear for the rest of his stay in the uber business. Due to cut in his earnings, his lifestyle changed and he could not sustain his bills. He went through a financial crisis which made him change his way of living. This change in financial flow affected even his family. He was not even able to pay his rent for the months that followed, and he was forced to vacate his house and move to a smaller one. In the uber-company, they were being paid on commission, and the company also reduced his salary due to the low amount of money that he generated towards the company.

        The emotional attached to this horrifying situation was too much for the driver. Sometimes he would experience both high and low moods through his daily life. The depressing feeling persisted and even interfered with the ability to carry on with his daily activities and lost the interpersonal relationships.  He was faced with major depression with periods of prolonged, constant and deep depression. He started having sleeping problems, his appetite changed, he felt a lot of fatigue, self-hate, guilt, and he felt worthlessness. He could not concentrate and make sound decisions; he was always restless and could get irritated with anything small. His relationship with his family went down. He withdrew from his normal pleasurable activities and felt hopeless and helpless.

         He also developed dread feelings due to depression. These feelings persisted for a very long time, and it always made him worry about upcoming situations. This made him avoid people, and he had a lot of difficulties in coping with everyday situations due to anxiety disorders. Due to stress, he could experience confusion most of the times, and it was hard for him to concentrate. It became hard for him to learn new things and making decisions became hard for him. His work efficiency and productivity reduced. Most of the time when he did any poor work or something wrong, he would jump to defend himself and even sometimes he had problems communicating. He was socially withdrawn and lived in isolation. The financial and the emotional distress attached to the incident of assault made the driver so paranoid that he was forced to leave the job and look for another type of employment.


Develop a comprehensive 750-1,000-word early reading plan based on the following case scenario and the tasks that follow the scenario: Amanda has just transferred to a new school. It is the middle of the school year and her new teacher is concerned about Amanda’s reading skills

Comprehensive Early Reading Plan

Part One

       According to Scanlon et al., (2016), one of the initial hurdles that we face after kids learn their alphabet and sight words is how to assist them in understanding whatever they read. The primary purpose of reading is to get the meaning in the text. Otherwise, the words learned and the sentences constructed irrespective of their information and how interesting they are, become nothing more than just gibberish. To put it in one basket, reading goes hand-in-hand with comprehension of what you read. How should the beginners be helped in developing their skills and what strategies are required in the improvement of their comprehension?

       Mathes (2017), says that a young child does not only need to be helped to develop an interest in reading and learning how to read but also need to be taught how to comprehend anything they read. Patience is important since there is are so many skills that are involved and it will take a lot of time and practice for kids to become proficient in reading and comprehension.

       Getting a kid to play reading games is one of the ways of practicing comprehension strategies. A kid will easily get interested in a game rather than a book since their attention span is short. Reading games helps the kids to remain entertained, and it gives them an exercise to comprehend as they need to move through the games by answering questions and understanding instructions.

       Graphic organizers are independent learning or a group learning process which allows the child to practice visual skills. Beginners can practice sight words. This is advisable to be exercised until the kid reaches the second grade. The quicker the children recognize high-frequency words through graphics, it will be easier for them to keep a focus on the meaning of the text. If the children face a problem in decoding and recognizing words, they may focus entirely on that more than the meaning (Scanlon et al., 2016).

     Independent practice learning strategy, the child is allowed to apply what they have learned in the text that they are viewing or reading by themselves. The goal of this strategy is to make sure that the kid, given time and opportunities, will be able to apply them in understanding whatever they read whenever they do so.

      Model-lead-test is an evidence-based strategy of early learning. The success instructional lessons are measured based on the instructional gains that the child gain. It is vital for the tutors to spend most of their time with students and do everything that they can so that they can provide valuable instructions using the right strategies and procedure that have been tested and proven to be working. The teacher demonstrates the expected skills for the children to see, and then they perform them together after which the children are left to practice alone.

      Peer tutoring is a technique whereby the students play the roles of the tutor and the tutee. This strategy is important because the children can focus on what is essential depending on what the teacher decides to be acted. Through the generation of questions and answering them, the children can review their knowledge about something so that it creates a better chance for them to understand the text more. They understand the text better through learning from each other. Peer tutoring also increases the confidence and the motivation of a child (Mathes, 2017),.

         Repeated reading is exercised when a student reads the same text over and over again until their rate of reading is comprehensive with no errors. This is a strategy that can be practiced at a personal level or in a group setting. This strategy is used by tutors to help the children to become fluent and develop comprehension in the course of reading. It is applied to help children who do not have any reading experience to read fluently so that they can gain poise, speed and internalize words without problems.

Part Two.

         In the scenario of Amanda, I would sequence her instructional goals by giving her a combination of letters so that she can say the corresponding sounds. Here I would apply the comprehension strategy to make sure she comprehends the letter combination. Here I will find another kid so that they can participate in a reading game. I would also help in the reading game to increase her concentration.

        I will then give a consonant-vowel-consonant word which I will ask her to say slowly, and then read them out fast one word. This is an independent practice strategy that will help her develop an understanding of whatever she reads. Reading out fast and loud jogs her mind into comprehension.

      I will show her sight words. This will be to test her visual prowess. The strategy applied here is graphic organizers. The words will be written in different colors to attract her attention and develop her anxiety.

     Amanda will then be involved in a reading of a short passage on her instructional level where she will be supposed to retell the main ideas. Here I will apply a repeated reading model. I will spend time with her and lead her through the whole process to develop her understanding. I will encourage her to read the passage many times repeatedly so that it can become part of her. I will then leave her to read independently after I have guided her so that I can see her response and discern how much she has acquired on the matters of internalizing the passage.

      Later I will give her a story to listen to which she will be required to remember at least three simultaneous events.

         Amanda’s parents will be involved in peer repeated learning process. I will give a passage where they will help her to read as many times as possible so that she can develop comprehension. Amanda and her parents will be supposed to read in turns until they make sure Amanda can read fluently.



There Is A Common Phrase In Business: “Cash Is King.” “Cash Flow Is The Life-Blood Of A Company. Without It, A Company Will Fail” (Hicks, 2012)

Cash Flow Is The Life-Blood Of A Company

How would you propose obtaining the funds needed to keep the company alive and thriving for the next 2 years until you are able to see a return on the product development? How would you keep the stakeholders happy?

            Cash is king is a term used to point out the value of money is more than any other tool of venture. The term is naturally used when prices are high in the securities market, and investors make a decision to make enough savings to utilize when the prices become cheaper. Having so much cash in possession is a good sign, and a durable flow of cash gives the company more suppleness in relation to making decisions about the business and the possible investments (James, 2018).

            As a CFO of a struggling company, getting enough cash to sustain the company can be hectic especially when on the verge of becoming bankrupt. Obtaining funds to keep the company alive and thriving can be a hard job when dealing with a struggling company that doesn’t have anything to offer.

          First, we will consider factoring. This is a financial strategy in which the organization sells its bill receivables to a third party at a discount in an attempt to raise fund to sustain themselves. It is the selling of all the account receivables to an outside agency. The agency is referred to as a factor. In this concept, after selling some goods and services, I will generate enough invoices from the same. Then I will sell the invoices to a third party. The factor will pay us after making some discount deductions on the value invoice. Although the factor does not make the payment for all the invoices at once, the 75 to 80 percent invoice value paid will be good enough to raise funds for my organization.

          Getting a microloan is vital too. Even if the company may lack a history of credit, guarantee or the incapability to get a loan via the bank it does not mean that we can’t get a loan from any other place. The best option is to apply a loan for a microloan.  Microloans are usually small such that the commercial banks can not notice or be bothered by lending of the funds. Instead of going to banks, we will target a microlender, which is non-profit organization working contrarily than the banks. Microlenders offer loans of small size and Oftenly require less documentation than the banks and less strict criteria of underwriting is applied. According to Kidwell et al., (2016), microloans are for the startup industrialist or an entrepreneur who has been in business but is facing financial crisis just like our company who needs a secure capital for survival.

         Stakeholder management is one of the vital soft skill that is required from a manager even in times of financial crisis. Keeping them happy and involved in the company endeavors is critical for the success of the organization. Stakeholders include the sponsors, customers and the public who are involved in the organization actively and their interests affect the performance of the company in either a positive or negative way. Stakeholders exert influence over the company, its deliverables and even the financial situation of the company (Trentim, 2015).

        In this company, we will keep the stakeholders happy by making sure that they are all involved in every step we take and also manage their influence in relation to the company so that we can ensure successful results. The stakeholder can easily act against the company, and the best way to keep them happy is by delivering a successful project to them.



1: Some Experts Argue That People Are The Most Important Element Of A Successful Organisation. Others Argue That Non-People Issues Such As Information, Technology And Structure Are The Keys To Success. Which Do You Think Is Most Important?

People Are The Most Important Element Of A Successful Organisation

Human and Non-Human Elements.

         People and non-people elements play a significant role in the success of an organization. In the current competitive business environment, many organizations are looking into indications from customer services to examine the perceptions of the customers to determine if the expectations of the customers are being met so that they can make sure that the customers are satisfied with their services. This argumentative paper seeks to examine if human elements are more vital than the non-human elements in the success of an organization.

           People element is a systematic approach for improving the way people work together resulting in a better accomplishment of goals and better personal, team and organizational performance. The sole aim of a human element is to foster openness and honesty within the organization to reduce unproductive defensive behavior to attain better results in business. The human element deals with the main causes of a problem relative to the phony behaviors. It helps the organization in the elimination of distortions that interfere with them while undermining their relationships and lowering their motivations. The result of this is usually an increase in honesty, realization of better emotional and social intelligence, enhancement of creativity and increased individual clarity with more conviction and focus. The organization also realizes much originality with increased trust which leads to high customer satisfaction (Rehman et al. 2015, p.48.)

        According to Xiang et al. (2015, pp.689-707), the foundation of people element is self-awareness and comprehension of human behavior.  This foundation is vital for anybody who works with other people, especially in organizations.  Human elements use this foundation as a tool of exploring particular issues and skills leading to a powerful and integrated set of programs that address the human issues in the organization leading to success. In the current world, we are faced with a constant challenge to produced among greater and greater pressures. The non-human elements such as technology have enabled things to happen within a short span, things that we could not have dreamed of happening so fast. This has created constant access to everybody leading to more pressure and constant anxiety. People do not have time to think again or even discuss the decisions we make. With huge chunks of work being carried out by virtual teams and across the globe in different time zones, our digital communication does not have the emotional content of face-to-face contact. This has made it hard to have a connection at a human level and in better ways where the communication is clear, easily understood and effective. Due to this organizations lack the one-on-one relationship with their customers hence becoming less successful. Creating a personal relationship with the customers requires strategic communications. Human elements promote a face-to-face communication as opposed to non-human elements. Through live communications, a customer develops a sense of loyalty towards the business since they feel that they are valued. This means that the customer will continue doing business with you and even may recommend their circle of friend to do business with you leading to success (Reynolds and Yetton, 2015, pp.101-118).

        De Bruin and Doebeli (2015, pp. 741-759), say that the people element is founded on a principle that the team productivity directly relates to how the people are compatible. When people are not compatible teams, show shame, blame, and defensiveness which leads to low productivity and poor performance under pressure. When people are compatible, they work together, and they are creative, they are responsive even under pressure and are out to inspire each other.  The people elements address the issues of the organization from the level of an individual. By being counterintuitive, the staunch focus on self-responsibility leads to giving every individual more freedom and causes the improvement of the performances of the teams. People can be more aware, shift their inner emotions and build a skill base. Since the human element addresses the functioning of the humans at the very basic level, it is applicable in all organizational culture. In many organizations and countries, the root of the materials meets people where they are, allowing the right areas to be applied in specific issues of the organization. Since self-responsibility and openness form the major principles of the human elements, these skills are very important in the realization of organizational sustainability and the success of the organizations. 

       Non-people elements such as technology play a major role in the success of the organization. The organization and its technology need a structure. Just like the networks of the information technology organize themselves and have a certain architecture, even the organization has its structure. Business organizes themselves in a way that they will achieve their goals and realize their intended tasks. For an organization to be successful, it has to make sure that its structure is entirely feasible and it has also to consider the operations related to technology, its infrastructure and other functions of which are referred as the non-human elements (Peters et al. 2016, pp.1-17).

          The organizational structure of a company is formed by its functions, the positions, and the operations. Paying attention to the structure of the organization and its design helps the company to know what they are partaking currently, their ideal functioning and the best way to achieve it. When the leaders of the business are revising the structures of the organization, they should be aware of what the company intends to do and how to do it. They access and determine the functions and tasks of the company that are not being done in the right way (Alreemy et al. 2016, pp.907-916). All the duties and the positions off the organization are considered including the information technology. Information technology plays a major role in how the company operates.  Network and computers pose the data about the secrets, finances, individual information and most of the times the data that the company is obliged to protect. The administrators of networks and computer technicians control these data towards the success of the organization.

           According to Tarhini et al. (2015, pp.25-40), organizational structure needs to be set up properly so that the information will be able to travel well to where it is needed. If at the middle of the communication structure there are no effective communication channels, important company information could be delayed. This kind of inconveniences in the structure of the organization will lead to communication breakdowns; hence responsibility lapses which will lead to inefficiency of the company. Successful organizations observe the ideas from employees. The input of the employees as human elements offers a number of opinions that should be considered by the management of the company. Bureaucracies in the non-human elements stifle this creativity and can lead to low productivity. Information like this should be able to reach management to enhance successful planning.

          Although non-people elements have taken the forefront in the business world today, it is vital that we do not forget the impact of human elements. An organization may have the best technology and the most modern gadgets, but at the ultimate end, every organization aspect will be channeled to the people.  For many organizations today to be successful, they need the act of creativity, and ‘out of box thinking’ coupled with problem-solving instincts and it is not possible to be achieved through the artificial intelligence being inflicted in the market.

Regardless of how big your organization might be, for you to be successful, the people elements are vital. The people who represent your company need to be valued and included, and when this happens, the result will be high performance. The organization will have a healthy working environment and even more profitable.

          Nevertheless, it is not advisable to ignore the non-people elements. Digitalization improves retention and offers the best methods of feedback. It enhances the connection between employees and offers the best advances towards the management of talents.

         Competencies allow you to focus on the human element of HR since they act in the streamlining the process of managing talent. They help in avoiding extraneous details and stay focused on what matters to the organization in achieving success. It is easy to focus on the main tools, create a personal development plan for employees and then engage with talent on a more effective level to get the best results. Both people and non-people elements are very important in the success of an organization since they work hand in hand with the aim of realizing the bigger picture of success. They are mutually important.




Provide Your Plan As A Millennial In The 4 Th IR. How Are You Going To Contribute To Your Vocational Sector, And Specific Business, To Manage/Adopt/Adapt/Cope With/Evaluate Disruptive Technologies?

How Are You Going To Contribute To Your Vocational Sector

Asian Business Opinion Paper

              The Fourth Industrial Revolution will influence technology to produce a world which is more inclusive especially in Asia. According to Lee (2017), what seems to stand out in the industrial revolution is the focus on progress for the sake of social good. This focus can be seen from the rise of social enterprises, the ratification of the sustainable development goals, unexpected partnerships that move system through “conscious movements.” Millennials are the frontline of this new industrial revolution.

        Lee et al., (2019), says that in Asia, automation, application of artificial intellectual knowledge and the innovation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution are getting the application in every area ranging from automotive, garment making and even in the manufacturing of electronics to other fields of business processes, logistics, and healthcare. The benefits that are accrued from this in the form of efficiency, productivity the speed and agility cannot be matched with any other.

         As a concerned millennial in the fourth industrial revolution, I believe that it a must for us to critically analyze what we are losing through the instantaneity and the mean through which work has been made easier with unending connection and self-broadcasting of the business and even at a personal level. In Asia, I have witnessed many unsettling trends both in the business world and in the volunteer works which is built on the advancement in tech now. In response to the risks and pressures, I will analyze three strategies that I believe the millennials should reflect on to manage, adapt, adapt, cope with and evaluate the effects of the disruptive technologies.

          The first strategy is the development of social autonomy. The hyperconnected world creates challenges around how we think for ourselves especially in times of temporary isolation from people surrounding us. In Asia, it is easier to make an argument based on quick google searches and through opinions presented in social media. In an environment where we are socially connected, we are supposed to dedicate some efforts to stay away from the internet at least for some time so that we can develop perspectives that are truly our own. Social autonomy becomes challenging since hyper-connection allows us to connect with friend and users of the internet where we get varied advice (Cho & Song, 2018).

         The second strategy is sitting on decisions. Due to search for instantaneity, we do not have time to sit on crucial decisions. In the world of business, the common advice given to an entrepreneur is to recapitulate through quick decisions and small failures. Taking time to make necessary considerations before making decisions is essential. In my professionalism, this improvement will play a major role since I will be able to make realistic and informed decisions (Lombard, 2017).

        The third strategy as a concerned millennial is focussing on the depth of study. The hyper-connection in our world today leads to psychological exhaustion, which comes from constant and yet superficial interaction with the information. Superficial interaction causes unrewarding tiredness through the consumption of information under the favor of advanced technology through smartphones. Most people in Asia may fail to acquire the needed knowledge due to unsustained engagement with the topic because of disruptions (Takakuwa, 2018). This will be very important to my professionalism because I will be able to concentrate on my studies and acquire the knowledge needed to discharge my professional duties competently.



How should a for-profit corporation balance its business needs with the needs of its customers?

How should a for-profit corporation balance its business needs

Intellectual Property.


           Balance in the side of life is an essential component, especially in business. Companies are supposed to balance the expectations of the customers and the needs of the business so that they can refrain from displeasing the customers and causing losses to themselves. This paper will be focused on how a for-profit organization will balance the profits of its business and the needs of the customers, the responsibility of the company towards benefiting the customer and its application on the biblical world view.

Balancing the Business and the Needs of the Consumer.

           As the rate of competition goes high, companies may need to take extra measures to boost the level of services to raise the levels of satisfaction in the aim of gaining the loyalty of the customers. With limited resources and profits not good enough to match the expenses, most of the companies find balancing the expectations of the customer and the needs of the business impossible.

              Townsend (2016), asserts that segmentation of customers and the levels of service is a great way through which the business can keep watch of the costs of the services, and ensuring that customers are satisfied. Rather than the company recruiting more staff, a company would be able to increase the balance between the expectations of the customers and the needs of the business by raising the number of the staff during the peak work hours and the call times. During lean periods, the staff can be given the opportunity to go for training and professional development programmes, to make sure that they increase their efficiency and increase their work output and the quality of delivery. As a result, they would be able to offer services to high-end customers with great attention thus gaining favor and loyalty.

Company Responsibility to Consumer

            Abbott et al., (2019), says that the act of balancing these business initiatives about the customer service should be consistent and in a process. Ensuring a stable supply of good and services is essential to the customer. This will not only produce the value for customers but also benefit the company too. The company has the role of putting the needs of the customers at the forefront since their demands change continually and the company needs to comply to this to retain the customers although it may not be the best thing from the business perspective. However, every company should have strategies and plans that ensure that they consistently balance the expectations of the customer and the needs of the business, which at the end will see a win-win situation for everyone.

Biblical Worldview

           From the biblical point of view, it is crucial to build the best product, make sure that there no unnecessary harm, and then use that business to inspire and give solutions to the environmental crisis. Companies should promote social welfare as much as possible while gaining a good range of profit to show selflessness as the scripture says. Companies should also use their profits in contributing to social welfare through their profits to improve the lives around them.


          The company is supposed to understand what the customers need and should try to match to those expectations according to capabilities of the companies and strive to reduce the limitations; this would promote the expectations of the customers and cater for the needs of the business. The company should also monitor the level of their service delivery because too low would lead to customer ire and over-delivery of the services can lead to getting the customers habituated to it, and even a slight drop in the level of delivery would be noticed (Martello et al., 2016).