Comprehensive Early Reading Plan
According to Scanlon et al., (2016), one of the initial hurdles that we face after kids learn their alphabet and sight words is how to assist them in understanding whatever they read. The primary purpose of reading is to get the meaning in the text. Otherwise, the words learned and the sentences constructed irrespective of their information and how interesting they are, become nothing more than just gibberish. To put it in one basket, reading goes hand-in-hand with comprehension of what you read. How should the beginners be helped in developing their skills and what strategies are required in the improvement of their comprehension?
Mathes (2017), says that a young child does not only need to be helped to develop an interest in reading and learning how to read but also need to be taught how to comprehend anything they read. Patience is important since there is are so many skills that are involved and it will take a lot of time and practice for kids to become proficient in reading and comprehension.
Getting a kid to play reading games is one of the ways of practicing comprehension strategies. A kid will easily get interested in a game rather than a book since their attention span is short. Reading games helps the kids to remain entertained, and it gives them an exercise to comprehend as they need to move through the games by answering questions and understanding instructions.
Graphic organizers are independent learning or a group learning process which allows the child to practice visual skills. Beginners can practice sight words. This is advisable to be exercised until the kid reaches the second grade. The quicker the children recognize high-frequency words through graphics, it will be easier for them to keep a focus on the meaning of the text. If the children face a problem in decoding and recognizing words, they may focus entirely on that more than the meaning (Scanlon et al., 2016).
Independent practice learning strategy, the child is allowed to apply what they have learned in the text that they are viewing or reading by themselves. The goal of this strategy is to make sure that the kid, given time and opportunities, will be able to apply them in understanding whatever they read whenever they do so.
Model-lead-test is an evidence-based strategy of early learning. The success instructional lessons are measured based on the instructional gains that the child gain. It is vital for the tutors to spend most of their time with students and do everything that they can so that they can provide valuable instructions using the right strategies and procedure that have been tested and proven to be working. The teacher demonstrates the expected skills for the children to see, and then they perform them together after which the children are left to practice alone.
Peer tutoring is a technique whereby the students play the roles of the tutor and the tutee. This strategy is important because the children can focus on what is essential depending on what the teacher decides to be acted. Through the generation of questions and answering them, the children can review their knowledge about something so that it creates a better chance for them to understand the text more. They understand the text better through learning from each other. Peer tutoring also increases the confidence and the motivation of a child (Mathes, 2017),.
Repeated reading is exercised when a student reads the same text over and over again until their rate of reading is comprehensive with no errors. This is a strategy that can be practiced at a personal level or in a group setting. This strategy is used by tutors to help the children to become fluent and develop comprehension in the course of reading. It is applied to help children who do not have any reading experience to read fluently so that they can gain poise, speed and internalize words without problems.
In the scenario of Amanda, I would sequence her instructional goals by giving her a combination of letters so that she can say the corresponding sounds. Here I would apply the comprehension strategy to make sure she comprehends the letter combination. Here I will find another kid so that they can participate in a reading game. I would also help in the reading game to increase her concentration.
I will then give a consonant-vowel-consonant word which I will ask her to say slowly, and then read them out fast one word. This is an independent practice strategy that will help her develop an understanding of whatever she reads. Reading out fast and loud jogs her mind into comprehension.
I will show her sight words. This will be to test her visual prowess. The strategy applied here is graphic organizers. The words will be written in different colors to attract her attention and develop her anxiety.
Amanda will then be involved in a reading of a short passage on her instructional level where she will be supposed to retell the main ideas. Here I will apply a repeated reading model. I will spend time with her and lead her through the whole process to develop her understanding. I will encourage her to read the passage many times repeatedly so that it can become part of her. I will then leave her to read independently after I have guided her so that I can see her response and discern how much she has acquired on the matters of internalizing the passage.
Later I will give her a story to listen to which she will be required to remember at least three simultaneous events.
Amanda’s parents will be involved in peer repeated learning process. I will give a passage where they will help her to read as many times as possible so that she can develop comprehension. Amanda and her parents will be supposed to read in turns until they make sure Amanda can read fluently.