1. Analyze The Demands Of Fundamental Reform And Underlying Assumptions Of Transformational Change In Contemporary Higher Education, And Explain The Opportunities And Risks Associated With A Global, Competitive System Of Higher Education.

Question One: Demands Of Fundamental Reform

American higher education system is going through a transformation period that includes the inter-governmental processes and various supranational modernization agendas for higher education. Currently, the focus is on the national level reforms which seem to be inspired by the global change script which is widely recognized as a core knowledge institutions and regarded as one of the few sectors that can help the American economic growth. According to Dr. Graeme Armstrong (2017), the traditional models in the higher education have been predicated on fundamental assumptions that the revenue streams from tuition could and would continue to rise. The global financial strength and crisis can be measured as both force and risk that affect the higher education sector. The world economy is unfolding against the backdrop of the new standard of lower economic growth, lower productivity growth, and higher employment. Thus, higher education reforms can only prosper with a steady economy.

Question Two

Regarding educational leadership styles, I would describe my leadership styles as being both situational, transformational, and inspirational. In this way, as a truly transformational leader, the initiative must alter the culture of my institution by changing the selected underlying assumptions and the system’s behaviors, processes, and productiveness (Diamond, 2002). Such initiatives must be profound and pervasive thus affecting the whole system, must be intentional, and that its occurrence must be consistently over time.

Including varieties of leadership styles among tea members, can be of a great importance as it creates a positive and an outlook towards the leader and his group. A positive mindset is associated with strong leadership and being positive is much more than presenting a happy face to the entire group. Consequently, effective leadership style is that which creates trust among team members. When the team believes one another, then it can achieve truly meaningful goals (Bastedo, 2012).

Question Three

The mission statements concentrate on the initiative present measures. It defines the amethysts initiative that focuses on those presidents and chancellors who are supporting a dialogue on lowering the legal drinking age of 21 years. On the other hand, the vision of the initiative focuses on the future results of the measures put in place by lowering drinking age of college students. The vision describes the future of the society in which such initiatives plans to affect change. (Crawford, 2016).  Consequently, both the vision and mission both have a strategic plan on what the initiative strives to achieve.

Other emergent themes among the selected examples may include questions that address whether there is a practice of hazardous spree drinking on many campuses, whether it is necessary to reconsider the legal drinking age in the United States universities necessarily the minimum age of twenty-one.

Question Four

Most of the important stakeholders that can be affected by the signing of the amethyst initiative are those who are affected by the law, that is, the United States citizens of the age between 18 through 20 years. That is, those citizens are considered adults in the United States as they can serve in the military among other disciplines. They receive same responsibility and privileges as any other adult in America except alcohol use thus the primary stakeholders in the argument. Therefore, the principles and activists approaches to address alcohol abuse are some of the most effective initiatives for preparing students in the institutions, organizations, and the administration in becoming productive citizens. Crawford, M. (2016). Moreover, the amethyst initiative is a positive role model for how to engage in substantive dialogue on a controversial topic. Such topics can help all the stockholders and the college fraternity including the policy makers to reach a mutual compromise in making such initiative to become a national indicator regarding the legal alcohol drinking age. 


Armstrong, M. (2017). Retrieved 5 January 2017, from http://HEA 511 ADMINISTRATION, ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNANCE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Bastedo, M. (2012).The Organization of Higher Education: Managing Colleges for a New Era. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press.

Crawford, M. (2016). Amethyst Initiative. Ethos, 2009(2), 20-23.

Diamond, Robert M. (2002). Field Guide to Academic Leadership: A Publication of the National Academy for Academic Leadership. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

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