Register Nurses Who Work In Correction Facility
Introduction (describe where they work, US hourly salary, mention some of the job requirements (example, these nurses cannot use cell phone).
Correctional nurses provide medical care to detainees and inmates. They work in government, private run detention centers, correctional facilities, jails, temporary holding facilities and federal, state, and county prisons (Nurses, 2016).
Correctional Prison and jail nurses have average annual salary of $77,000. The wages depend on the location, level of education and security level of each nurse in prison.
Correctional nurse practitioners are highest in level of education and possess a masters or doctorate in their nursing degree. They prescribe preventive medicine; treat acute physical ailments, mental disorders and other diseases. They earn $107,000. Licensed vocational and practical nurses who are licensed receive directions from registered nurses and earn annual wages averaging to $40,000 (Nurses, 2016).
Nurses employed in California prison health care services earn highest compensation averaging $85,000- $115,000. However, nurses working in the mid-west, in Wisconsin get annual wages of $20,000 (American probation and parole association, 2016).
Level of correctional facilities
Correctional facilities include maximum, close, medium, and low security levels. Elevations are based on treatment of mental illness and violence. There are additions of three to four percent to nurses working in close or medium close security facilities.
Correctional nurses duties
Correctional nurses assess the status of patients and provide emergency care as they maintain accurate documents of treatments. They participate in quality assurance of divisions and units as well as coordinating referrals. They maintain secure and safe environment among other assigned duties. Correctional nurses are responsible of overseeing prisons and jails with intake screening being their major duty. They fill four-page documents of mental and physical health status of each inmate (Nurses, 2016). They give medication doses to discharged patients. Nurses coordinate inmates outside services and manage care for HIV-positive inmates.
Correctional nurses must possess a valid license of California registered nurses with interim permit. They must be experienced for over three years with six months experience verified, in correctional facilities (Nurses, 2016). They require having a security clearance from Sheriff Department before appointment in jails maintained for continuous employment (Nurses, 2016).
Population ( inmates, give statistics of how many blacks, white, Hispanics, Asian and other races are incarcerated, what crime and how the nurse treats them ( example they give meds, by mouth, iv , do dressing changes and may send patients 911 to Emergency room)
The criminal justice system in America confines over 2.3 million persons in 1719 state prisons, 942 juvenile prisons, 102 federal prisons, 3283 local jails, and 79 Indian county jails. Others are locked in military prisons, civil commitment centers, and immigration detention facilities. There are 39% of White (non-Hispanic) individuals incarcerated in the US population, who account for 450 people per 100,000 U.S citizens. Incarcerated Hispanics include 19% of Hispanics in United States and averages to 831 individuals per 100,000 U.S. citizens.
Blacks amount to 40% of incarcerated individuals living in United States. The average is 2306 persons incarcerated per 100,000 citizens (Sakala, 2014). The above inmates have committed crimes such as violence, possession of drugs and weapons, participation in public disorder, driving under influence of drugs and other substances, fraud, burglary, theft of cars and other property, assault, robbery, rape and sexual assault, murder, manslaughter, and immigration issues (Wagner & Rabuy, 2016).
Inmates are treated by not diverging personal information to them only focusing on care. In case of surgery, nurses are required to offer vague details to family members to prevent the inmate from escaping. Nurses verbally empathize with inmates while avoiding hugs and touches. There are tight schedules to follow. Lining up for vaccinations is the order when to prevent diseases such as tuberculosis (Nurses, 2016). Treatment is in private cells away from noise in cells as they wear shackles. They work with security officers not bringing their cell phones in clinics, or share personal experiences with prisoners. They remain confidential to reduce chances of escape to prisoners.
Common diseases and behavior (HIV, hepatitis, psych diseases, they can get aggressive, some women become pregnant)
Common diseases in cells include tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, MRSA among other infectious diseases. Nurses treat chronic conditions of liver diseases, diabetes, obesity, and lab-services. They control infections from overcrowded inmates in cells, psychosocial support to affected inmates
Nursing in general (summary: qualities of the nurse, nurses must be caring but be aware that they can get violent, pros and cons, why is it a rewarding career and why not, the stigma, the misconceptions, and how to apply (website, take psychological and nursing tests)
Challenges of nursing career
Nurses face challenges of demanding attention from very ill patients, changing technology and balancing work and life. They are forced to cope with emerging treatment methods and coping with problems of back pain. Staffing is an issue with few people training and qualifying. Angry patients, administrators and other physicians at times abuse them (Nurses, 2016). Nurses use documents such as copies of valid registered nurse (RN) license, copies of valid cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certificate, a verification showing completion of nursing education, experience needed and at least 3 referees together with their contacts.