Reflect on how the theory or model provides structure to the research study
Roy’s Adaptation model
Roy’s adaptation model explains that humans are bio psychosocial adaptive systems with the ability to cope with changes of the environment in their adaptation process. The human system has subsystems such as physiologic/physical, self-concept/group identity, role function, and interdependence. Adaptive modes in the subsystems have mechanisms to enable humans cope with the changes and stimuli in the environment. Health according to Roy’s adaptation model is a process of integration of the whole to reflect mutuality of persons and their environment. The nursing goal in Roy’s adaptation model is to promote adaptation of clients (Beck, 2011). Nursing regulates stimuli affecting adaptation. Interventions in nursing are increasing, decreasing, removing, modifying, and maintaining internal and external stimuli affecting adaptation.
Research problem (Stress and its causes)
Summary of the research article
Roy’s adaptation model in nursing process separates assessment into first level assessment of behavior and second assessment stimuli. First level assessment identifies behavior of each adaptation modes. Internal and external actions and reactions include physiologic-physical, self-concept-group identity, role function, and interdependence. Nursing history, physical examination, and ongoing assessments identify nursing behavior. Subjective behaviors are labelled as symptoms, objective behaviors are labelled as signs, adaptive behaviors are ones that promote integrity and ineffective behavior do not promote integrity (The nursing process and the Roy adaptation model, n.d).
Second level assessment; It involves identification of the stimuli influencing behaviors under assessment. The stimuli include focal, contextual, and residual. Active learning labels behaviors such as dry oral mucous membranes and feelings of nausea.
Development of a nursing plan
It involves diagnosis, goals, outcomes, interventions and their rationale and evaluation. Nurses are required to manage stimuli through elimination or modification of focal stimuli is the behavior is termed ineffective. Adaptive behavior is reinforced and supported in nursing. Roy’s adaptive model in nursing process includes; first level assessment where nurses assess behavior,2nd level assessment where nurses identify stimuli that is the why, Diagnosis: what does it all mean, and planning which involves nurses identifying what they want done. The implementation process involves thinking on what to do about diagnosed problem. The first intervention explains how nurses are to help patients meet the first goal (The nursing process and the Roy adaptation model, n.d). Evaluation process identifies how the process worked out and reports on what needs change and maintenance.
Strategies for locating and identifying a relevant theory or model for a research study.
Identifying and locating a theory or model for use when researching on stress and its causes involves stages such as selecting the best framework and searching through the internet on stress and coping methods.
Theoretical framework has concepts, identifications, and reference to relevant literature. It demonstrates understanding of theories and concepts relevant to topic under study. It is important to review course readings and research studies for theories and analytic models in context to the problem under investigation. The theory selected should be appropriate, easily applied and well understood. Theoretical frameworks includes assumptions critically evaluated. It connects researchers to existing knowledge through hypothesis and chosen research methods. Theoretical assumptions addresses questions of how and why permitting readers to transition from phenomenon description observed and leads to generalization of different aspects of the phenomenon. The theory will help in identifying limits of the generalizations. An appropriate theory explains the meaning and challenges of the phenomenon experienced.
Stages of developing the conceptual framework
Researchers begin with examining thesis title and research problem, which anchors the whole study. Brainstorming the key variables in the research answers questions factors contributing to the effect. Reviewing related literature investigates on ways used by other scholars to address a similar problem and builds various assumptions from the authors. The constructs and variables include dependent and dependent categories. Review of key social science theories introduces the reader to course readings and theories. The last step involves discussion of assumptions and propositions of theory relevant to the research.
Theories are conceptual basis to help researchers understand, analyze, and design ways of investigating relationships in the social systems. Theories help discern certain facts, identifies means of interpreting research data and coding for future reference. It helps prescribe and evaluate solutions of research problems. Old data obtains a new meaning and interpretation.
Value of Basing Research on Established Model or Theory Conclusion
Explanation of Utilization of a Theory or Model from the Article
Usage of theories of stress in nursing
Response based model is theoretical in interpreting stress as a response. Selyein general adaptation syndrome explains that any factor can lead to stress affecting the balance in individuals. Stress in human beings is observed through changes occurring in the body due to the response of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS).Certain hormones are released changing the structure and composition in the body. Moreover, a body organ can respond to stress (local adaptation syndrome (LAS). The models indicate that stress results in biological, metal, social, and mental consequences. It causes negative emotions, homeostasis problems, mental and social problems. Nursing interventions among stressed patients include reducing anxiety, managing anger and time, rest and sleep. Good nutrition and physical exercise reduce stress.