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“Dirty Work: How Hygiene and Xenophobia Marginalized American Trade wastes, 1870-1930.”

How Hygiene and Xenophobia Marginalized American Trade wastes. Article Critique/Primary Source Analysis/Video Documentaries

The assignment is a critique essay that will take into account two journal articles, four primary source analysis and lastly two video documentaries.

Journal article one

Author

Carl Zimring

Journal Title

“Dirty Work: How Hygiene and Xenophobia Marginalized American Trade wastes, 1870-1930.”

Statement of The Problem

Waste recycling has been of great significant in the United States for decades which has seen the establishment of several waste industries. However, the current research states that the Americans perception towards the industries and individuals handling these wastes have changed and even terming the job as immoral. Therefore, making the work be termed as for those who are both culturally and economically marginalized.

Comments: The problem statement does agree with the title of the journal article. The statement of the problem to some extent is not visible the reader and required an in-depth reading and analysis to establish what the author expected for his audience. 

The Author’s Purpose

Carl Zimring brings it clear on the aspect of waste management and how the Americans have developed different perceptions on waste recycle that has been associated with economically and culturally marginalized citizens. The aim of the article is to bring out the significance of the respective industries and those handling wastes and refuse the aspect of being morally degraded.

Hypothesis

The journal did bring forth the hypothesis on how scrap industries have risen to be termed as ‘Dirty’ industry, and scrap as a public nuisance.

Comments: The hypothesis and purpose were clearly stated and agreed with the title. The purpose was limited to the researchers’ capabilities.   

Methodology

Carl Zimring has used a theoretical analysis method to explain how hygiene and Xenophobia have marginalized Americans. The method clearly demonstrates the author’s views on the scrap industry which was adequate.

Summary

There was no summary given by the author

Conclusion

The conclusion was based on the theoretical findings as well as analysis of the situation in the United States as brought forth by Carl Zimring. 

Journal Article Two

Author

Richard White

Journal Title

“Information, Markets, and Corruption Transcontinental Railroads in the Gilded Age”

Statement of The Problem

Corruption has been eating into the economy of any given country. The author that is Richard White brings into light how corruption has become prevalent in America’s gilded age, and that is in the 18th century during which the United States’ economy and population grew very fast.

Comments: The problem statement did agree with the title of the journal.

Author’s Purpose

The author aimed to bring to light how the America’s Gilded Age was occupied by a lot of corporate financial and political corruption, where the rich people as compared to the poor lived a fancy lifestyle. Additionally, the author is purposed to show how that corruption started in the early ages.

Hypothesis

The author made a hypothesis on how corruption was prevalent in America’s Gilded Age that was triggered by political as well as financial misleading.

Comments: The purpose concisely and clearly agreed with the title and was limited to researchers’ capabilities.

Methodology

Richard White did use a theoretical approach towards gathering information on corruption in America’s Gilded Age.

Comments: The approach was of great significance in that the author was in a position of collecting and providing logical information on the situation.

Summary

The author did not give any summary

Conclusion

There was no conclusion given

Primary Source Analysis

Source one:

“Black Codes”

Physical Nature:

The source is an actual writing on the Southern “Black Codes” of 1856-66.

Author:

Theodore Brantner Wilson in the year 1965

Purpose of the Source

The author’s message explicitly brings forth the historical background as well as consequences of the discriminatory regulations and laws that were used after the civil war between 1865-66. 

Source two:

“Gospel of Wealth” (1889)

Physical Nature:

A Collection of public domain, as well as copy, permitted texts

Author:

Andrew Carnegie

The Purpose of Source:

The author intended to resolve the contradictions between the creation of wealth, which according to him proceeded from some immutable social laws.

Andrew Carnegie did utilize various historical background to get the attention of his audience right. The message which is bound on the Gospel of wealth gets across to every audience, in that the author shows explicitly how the current age has a problem when it comes to the wealth administration. By going through the article, one gets the reason as to how the contrast between the millionaire and the laborer measures the difference based on civilization. 

Source Three:

Bryan, “Cross of Gold Speech” (1896)

Physical Nature:

The article is a speech

Author:

William Jennings Bryan

Purpose:

The major objective of the speech was to advocate for bimetallism, in that as a result of Coinage Act of 1873. The United States did abandon its bimetallism policies.

The speaker that is William Jennings Bryan was not happy with the aspect adopting a de facto gold standard in the United States. The speaker did bring into consideration the reasons as to why the nation needed to standardize the value of the dollar to silver from the monometallic gold standard.

By reading the speech, one gets the essence of why America needed to abandon the monometallic gold standard and adopt the bimetallic policies. In that, the silver bimetallism policies would result in more gain to the citizens especially the farmers and other debtors would be in a position of paying off their debts.

Source Four:

Steffens, “Shame of the Cities” (1904)

Physical Nature:

“Shame of the Cities” is a book published in the year 1904, which is a collection of articles.

Author:

Lincoln Steffens

Purpose:

The book gives a report on the corrupt political machines in various cities of the United States, along with fewer efforts to address them.

By going through the book which is a collection of magazines, the audience gets much on how the authorities, as well as the political machines, were corrupt and ignorant of their deals. It did eat much into the United States economy to a greater extent since there was no transparency and accountability.

Video Documentaries

Mark Twain

Major Ideas in The Documentary

In the documentary, which is a Claymation film, the author brings to light the idea of being displeased with the state of humanity surrounding him.

Strengths and Weaknesses

Among the strengths are that the author that is Mark Twain achieves his objectives that are expressing the reasons as to why he was displeased with the humanity state. The weakness of the documentary is that it gives incredible facts on the state of humankind.

The historical idea in the documentary

The historical idea is the point he decides to set off in a hot-air balloon to his destiny

Prince of Steel

Major Ideas in The Documentary

The main idea of the documentary is an immigrant rising to being among the world’s richest people and a philanthropist legend.

Strengths and Weaknesses

The documentary explicitly brings into account the legacy and life of the immigrant into a more realistic story. Additionally, the weakness of the literature is that it is limited to a specific audience.

Important Historical Ideas

The historical ideas in the documentary are how the immigrant became a legendary philanthropist and the richest among the world’s richest people. It is through hard work and sacrifices along with humiliation that the immigrant managed how ways to the top.

Work Cited

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